Saturday, June 28, 2014

Pyongyang, June 16 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, inspected KPA Naval Unit 167 honored with the title of O Jung Hup-led 7th regiment.
He was greeted by Senior Vice Admiral Kim Myong Sik, KPA naval commander, Rear Admiral Jin Chol Su, commander of the KPA Large Combined Unit 597, Rear Admiral Nam Chon Hak, political commissar of the unit, and other commanding officers of the unit.
He looked round the room for the education in the revolutionary history and the room devoted to its history.
Watching with deep attention the precious historic mementoes and data on a series of visits paid by President Kim Il Sung and leader Kim Jong Il to the unit, he looked back with deep emotion on the immortal exploits they performed by setting up the units of submarines and developing them.
He underscored the need for the unit to let its seamen know well about its history so that they may devote their wisdom and enthusiasm to rounding off the combat preparations with the pride and self-esteem of serving at the post associated with the army leadership exploits of the President and Kim Jong Il.
After watching various indoor trainings including the drill for launching torpedoes at the underwater comprehensive training room, he went round the interior compartments of submarine No. 748 and personally guided the actual drill aboard it.
He set the course of the submarine to the captain and taught him a good method of navigation, instilled energy and courage to display the spirit of bold attack into its seamen.
He highly praised the seamen of submarine No. 748 for their successful training.
The Party Central Committee is attaching great importance to the combined units of submarines, he said, setting forth the tasks to be fulfilled to round off the combat preparations of the unit and remarkably bolster up the underwater operation capability of submarines and modernize and fortify bases.
He underlined the need to intensify the political and ideological education among seamen so that they may creditably discharge their mission as the death-defying corps of the sea devotedly defending the party and the revolution in operational waters of vast expanse sea far away from the country.
"It is imperative to organize high-intensity trainings to help the commanding officers raise the naval and underwater operation commanding ability on the basis of studying and rounding off various proposals under the simulated conditions of actual battles," he noted, adding:
"It is necessary for them to know well about the enemy, to be well informed of the operational waters in which they will operate, and direct efforts to working out reasonable combat proposals by foreseeing any possible circumstance.
The commanding officers and seamen should clearly see through the motives of the hateful enemies watching for a chance to invade our land and put spurs to combat preparations, thinking about battles only".
He went round a mess room of the unit and crewmen's quarters and rooms for education of submarine No. 730 to take warm care of their living.
He instructed commanding officers to provide the seamen with excellent material and cultural living conditions, always remembering the teachings given by the President and Kim Jong Il that supply service precisely means a political work. He took benevolent measures to improve the living of the crewmen of the submarines of the unit.
He gave pairs of binoculars and automatic rifles to the submarines Nos. 730 and 748 as gifts and had a photo session with their crewmen.
He was accompanied by KPA Vice Marshal Hwang Pyong So, director of the General Political Bureau of the KPA, and Army General Pyon In Son, first deputy chief of the KPA General Staff and director of its Operation Bureau.

Pyongyang, June 18 (KCNA) -- A national meeting took place here on Wednesday to mark the 50th anniversary of leader Kim Jong Il's start of work at the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK).
Present there was Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army.
Also present were Kim Yong Nam, Pak Pong Ju and Hwang Pyong So and other senior officials of the party, state and army, chairperson of a friendly party, officials of the party, armed forces and power organs, public organizations, ministries and national institutions, service personnel of the Korean People's Army and the Korean People's Internal Security Forces, and officials of the organs and industrial establishments, labor innovators and other people here.
Present there on invitation were foreign diplomatic envoys and representatives of international bodies here and military attaches of foreign embassies here.
Kim Ki Nam, member of the Political Bureau and secretary of the C.C., the WPK, made a report at the meeting.
The 50th anniversary of Kim Jong Il's start of his work at the Party Central Committee marks an important occasion in eternally glorifying his feats performed in the party building and a great auspicious event demonstrating the eternality of the harmonious whole of him and the Korean people and a bright prospect of the WPK, the reporter said, and went on:
He was the peerless elder statesman and distinguished leader who created the longest and glorious history of the leadership over the socialist ruling party in the modern history.
From the very day he began leading the party work, he made sure that the party regarded it as the basic principle of the party building to establish the ideological system of the leader and his leadership system throughout the party, thus firmly ensuring the purity of the party ranks and their unity in thought and purpose based on the revolutionary idea of President Kim Il Sung.
In the whole period of steering the revolution he made the WPK thoroughly apply the leadership principle and method of Juche and consistently adhere to the revolutionary and militant mode of work.
He led the party building, party activities, revolution and construction in a far-sighted manner, always foreseeing the future of revolution.
Outstanding statesman and Songun brilliant commander of Mt. Paektu, he worked heart and soul to provide a powerful political and military guarantee for the victory of the revolution in the whole period of his leadership over the party.
He led the WPK to take Songun as its lifeline and that of the revolution and firmly orient the party work to implementing the Songun revolutionary line, thus consolidating the defense capability of the country as firm as a rock.
He perfectly settled the issue of succession to the leadership decisive of the future destiny of the revolution, thereby providing a basic guarantee for strengthening the party and accomplishing the revolutionary cause of Juche, and opening a bright future of the country and the nation.
His idea and exploits performed in the party building are now being successfully carried forward and developed by Marshal Kim Jong Un.
The reporter called for doing the party building and activities according to the idea and intention of Kim Jong Il and most thoroughly and perfectly implement his behests, taking hold on great Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism as the guiding idea of the party.
We will resolutely shatter the vicious moves of the anti-reunification forces at home and abroad for confrontation and certainly achieve the historic cause of national reunification with the concerted efforts of the whole nation under the unfurled banner of the June 15 joint declaration and the October 4 declaration, he said, concluding:
The DPRK will expand external relations of the country, defend peace in Northeast Asia and the rest of the world and positively contribute to accomplishing the human cause of independence in the idea of independence, peace and friendship.
The name of President Kim Il Sung, founder of socialist Korea, literally means the sun in Korean. As the sun shines forever so does his august name.
The august name of President Kim Il Sung is symbolic of the national liberation struggle and the era of independence.
Early in his teenage years the President embarked on the road of revolutionary struggle to liberate Korea from the military occupation of Japanese imperialists (1905-1945).
He authored the Juche idea and the Songun idea to illumine the way ahead of the revolutionaries and people of Korea.
By so doing he ushered in a new era of independence when the masses of the people became the masters of their own destiny for the first time in history and elucidated the truth of Songun that the victory of the revolutionary cause and independence, sovereignty and prosperity of a country and nation rest on the arms. The Korean revolutionaries and people called him Kim Il Sung in the sense that he was like the sun which illuminates the road to national resurrection and prosperity.
He liberated Korea after waging 15-year-long anti-Japanese armed struggle and established the people’s country. He defeated the United States that prided itself on being the world’s “strongest” in the Korean war (1950-1953), for the first time in history and safeguarded national sovereignty and dignity with credit. And he led to victory the post-war rehabilitation, socialist revolution and the several stages of socialist construction. Thus, he set a world’s example in the struggle for accomplishing the cause of independence of the masses.
He rendered unstinted assistance to China, Vietnam, Cuba and other countries in their struggle of national liberation and anti-imperialism.
Many African countries could achieve their national liberation and build a new society thanks to Kim Il Sung’s unselfish assistance. Sam Nujoma, first president of Namibia, credited the Korean President Kim Il Sung with the independence of his country.
There have been formed at a national, continental and international level a large number of organizations for the study and dissemination of the Juche idea originated by the President and acknowledged as a guiding ideology of the cause of independence of mankind.
The non-aligned movement could be constantly strengthened and developed into a powerful anti-imperialist, independent force by virtue of his deep concern and energetic activities and add great spurs to the struggles for putting an end to domination and subordination and gaining independence of the country and nation and the masses of the people worldwide.
It has become an irresistible trend of the times and aspiration of the mankind to advance along the road of independence indicated by the Juche idea.
The august name of Kim Il Sung is symbolic of lofty virtue and ennobling sense of obligation.
His Juche idea and Songun idea are likened to the light of the sun that illumines the way to be followed by mankind, while his virtue and moral obligation are to the heat of the sun that gives life to all organisms.
The President was a genuine friend and a great benefactor of the peoples of developing countries. He spared nothing in supporting those undergoing difficulties in the building of a new society. He sent a number of experts and technicians to African and other countries to help them sincerely in their efforts to build party, state and armed forces and to develop industry, agriculture, education, healthcare, sports and other sectors.
Stressing the need to develop agriculture in order to solve the food problem, he ensured that they adopted farming methods suited to their specific conditions and helped their irrigation projects.
He made the DPRK host a symposium of the non-aligned and other developing countries on increasing food and agricultural production in Pyongyang and proposed to establish institutes of agricultural science with a view to improving agriculture in African countries.
Kim Il Sung Research Institute of Agricultural Science was established in Guinea of western Africa and Chollima Agricultural Institute in Tanzania of eastern Africa by help of the Korean agro-technicians, which made a contribution to the agricultural development in Africa.
President Kim Il Sung treated those fighting against imperialism and for independence as his genuine comrades and friends and set a fine example of noble sense of moral obligation of keeping faith with them to the last. There are many anecdotes about his obligation to the friends, including the Great King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia and the former Chilean President Salvador Allende.
All the people who met him even once could not but feel great admiration and reverence for his lofty virtues and ennobling personality, even if they were from the countries hostile to Korea.
Among such people were Jimmy Carter, former US president, and Shin Kanemaru, former deputy prime minister of Japan.
Kim Il Sung’s name is shining as the banner of eternal victory.
Entering the new century, the aspirations of the world people to live and develop independently are getting ever stronger.
As the time passes, it proves clearer the truthfulness and invincibility of the Juche idea.
Seminars on the Juche idea and the activities for its dissemination are proceeding on a worldwide scale.
The International Kim Il Sung Prize Council was organized in April 1993 and the International Kim Il Sung Foundation established in 2007.
The present situation, when high-handedness, despotic and aggressive moves of the imperialists get ever more unscrupulous after the end of the Cold War, demands that the countries actively advocate the Songun idea and Songun politics rooted in the Juche idea.
Progressive peoples of the world regard Songun politics as an invincible banner that makes it possible to safeguard national sovereignty under any challenge and adversity and accomplish the cause of anti-imperialism and independence.
Nearly 500 streets, institutions and organizations in over 100 countries are named after the august name of Kim Il Sung.
Pyongyang, June 25 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, provided field guidance to the construction sites of Pyongyang Baby Home and Orphanage.
Going round various places of the construction sites, he gave important instructions on the construction.
Noting the baby home and orphanage are now under construction at very good places, he underlined the need to build them as fresh icon ones in the era of the Workers' Party fully reflecting the love of the party for the younger generation and future.
He called for constructing every place of the baby home and orphanage including bedrooms at the best level, arranging outdoor and indoor swimming
pools and an amusement room in a peculiar manner and building well not only rooms for teachers but also welfare facilities.
As the children of the baby home and orphanage are babies and kindergartners, it is necessary to manufacture desks, chairs and beds to fit for their ages and mental qualities, he said, adding the party will prepare all furniture, fixtures and other household utensils required by them.
Underscoring the need to arrange well the environment of the baby home and the orphanage, he instructed officials to build a park to suit children's minds so that they may play there as they please and plant many trees of good species.
Calling for building every structure at the world level, he stressed the need for builders to make sure that the intention of the party and patriotic feeling are reflected even in a piece of brick and a shovel of mortar.
The party's purpose of building Pyongyang Baby Home and Orphanage as icons is to build baby homes and orphanages in each province with them as models, he noted.
Underlining the need to take good care of the orphans, the old persons without any support and the disabled, he called for making it a social trait and a tradition of the great family of the country to do so.
He was accompanied by Han Kwang Sang, department director of the C.C., the WPK, and Army Lieut. General Ma Won Chun, director of the Designing Department of the National Defence Commission.

Friday, June 27, 2014


Talk to the Senior Officials of the Central Committee of the Workers′ Party of Korea (July 14, 1972)

The North-South Joint Statement, which was published on the fourth of this month, is getting a prolonged and hearty response from the public at home and abroad. Everyone in the north and south, and overseas compatriots longing for the reunification of the country, are in a state of great excitement and delight. They all ardently support and welcome the North-South Joint Statement and are eager to reunify the country at the earliest date by putting into effect the three principles of national reunification proposed by the great leader. Many governments, political parties and social organizations throughout the world are expressing full support for the North-South Joint Statement.

The North-South Joint Statement is meeting with such a hearty welcome and support from all Koreans and the progressive people of the world because it correctly reflects our nation′s earnest desire for reunification and the world′s wish to see a fair settlement to the Korean question. Nearly 30 years of national division have brought the Korean people untold misery and suffering and hindered a uniform development of the country. It threatens peace in Asia and the rest of the world. The high-level talks between north and south resulted in the publication of the North-South Joint Statement, which provides the basis for easing tensions in our country and for a peaceful settlement of the question of reunification, brightening the prospects for the reunification of Korea. The publication of the North-South Joint Statement is indeed a historic event that gives the entire nation hope of reunification and demonstrates to the world its will to reunify.
For all this, we must note another aspect of the situation. At this time, when the whole country is bubbling over with enthusiasm for reunification and the atmosphere of national unity is mounting as a result of the publication of the joint statement, alarming moves are being made in south Korea against the fundamental spirit of the joint statement. Even though the south Korean authorities agreed to the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, and signed the North-South Joint Statement with the three principles as its main content, they turned on their heels after the publication of the joint statement and spoke against the statement, saying that they could not entrust their destiny to a piece of paper, and the longer the US occupation of south Korea lasted, the better. They have not stopped slandering the northern half of Korea, and continue to repress the south Korean people, who are struggling to reunify the country.

Such words and deeds on the part of the south Korean authorities cannot be regarded as accidental. When called to account for their improper words and actions during the meeting between the north-south liaison delegates, held at Panmunjom yesterday, the delegate for the south is said to have made an excuse, saying that they had reflected upon what they said and begging our side to understand the complex internal situation in south Korea. We must not believe the excuse of those who try to keep the country divided and we should not be deceived by their tricks. Their words and actions have thrown cold water over the rapidly mounting trend of the south Korean people towards the country′s reunification after the publication of the North-South Joint Statement. Furthermore their words indicate their intention to nullify the North-South Joint Statement itself.
We must be highly vigilant against the south Korean rulers who are engrossed in words and acts contrary to the fundamental spirit of the joint statement. We must see through their scheme clearly and be prepared to counter it. The south Korean authorities have been dead set against a north-south dialogue, clamouring for "unification by prevailing over communism". Why, then, have they accepted our proposal for negotiations and agreed to the three principles of national reunification? They have not discarded the ambition of "unification by prevailing over communism", nor do they want the independent, peaceful reunification of the country. We can see that the south Korean authorities have agreed to the three principles of national reunification and signed the North-South Joint Statement mainly for the purpose of gaining time necessary for the cultivation of "real strength" to "defeat communism and reunify the country". They are employing delaying tactics, knowing that they stand no chance of winning if they challenge us to a fight now, because the socialist force of our Republic is superior to them in politics, economy and military affairs. In other words, by easing the tension temporarily while negotiating with us and gaining time, they intend to cultivate their "real strength" for "unification by prevailing over communism" with the help of the US and Japanese imperialists. They also pursue a sinister aim of deceiving the south Korean people and further strengthening their reactionary ruling system by creating an impression that they are interested in reuniting the country through the seeming acceptance of the three principles of national reunification.

Since the south Korean authorities are employing double-dealing tactics with an ulterior motive, the struggle to implement the North-South Joint Statement and to realize the independent and peaceful reunification of the country cannot help but be long-drawn-out and arduous. We must be ready for a hard struggle against the enemy.
In our struggle for reunification we must direct the main effort to the implementation of the three principles of national reunification put forward by the great leader and confirmed by the North-South Joint Statement.
The greatest success in the recent high-level talks between north and south is that the two sides have reached agreement on the three principles of national reunification set by the leader. The three principles are to settle the question of national reunification independently on the principle of national self-determination, free from foreign interference, to reunify the country peacefully without recourse to armed force, and to promote the great unity of the entire nation by transcending the differences in ideology, ideals and social systems. This is an absolutely correct reunification programme, a common reunification charter that incorporates our nation′s desire and will to reunify the country. Now that the north and south have agreed on the three principles of national reunification and pledged to implement them before the nation and the people of the world, our people can launch a dynamic struggle to reunify our country, guided by these clear standards and principles. These three principles form the touchstone that distinguishes reunification from division and patriotism from treachery. The three principles, the common reunification programme of the nation, provide us with a solid basis for leading the north-south dialogue in the correct direction, and guided by these principles, we can widen the road to reunification.
We must firmly maintain the three principles of national reunification no matter how difficult and complex the situation in the future, and struggle to reunify the country on these principles. We must wage a relentless campaign against all practices that dampen the fundamental spirit of the three principles or weaken their significance. We cannot yield an inch on these principles. We must closely watch the attitude of the south Korean authorities and prevent them from distorting the three principles or deviating from them with bad intentions.
What is most important in implementing the three principles of national reunification is to uphold the banner of independence, struggle to make the US army withdraw from south Korea and thwart the Japanese militarists′ scheme of re-aggression.
The foreign forces now infringing upon the sovereignty of our country and obstructing the country′s reunification are the US imperialist forces, which occupy south Korea, and the Japanese militarist forces, which are attempting to realize their ambition for reaggression in our country. There are no foreign troops in our country′s north. Now that the south Korean authorities have agreed to achieve the country′s reunification independent of foreign forces and free from foreign interference, we must strongly demand the withdrawal of the US troops. Up to now the south Korean rulers insisted on the need for the presence of the US troops in south Korea because of a "threat of southward invasion from the north", but that excuse does not make sense any longer, since the North-South Joint Statement has confirmed that the country must be reunified peacefully without recourse to armed force. We must demand that the south Korean authorities get the US forces out of south Korea to facilitate the independent and peaceful reunification of the country and abrogate all the aggressive and traitorous "treaties" and "agreements", including the "Korea-US Mutual Defence Treaty" concluded with the United States. In addition, we must urge the south Korean authorities to oppose the reaggressive maneuvers of Japanese militarism, which has revived under the patronage of US imperialism.
  Even though they have agreed to the principle of reuniting the country independent of foreign forces, the south Korean authorities make the preposterous statement that they do not regard the UN as a foreign force and that the "UN Forces" stationed in the "ROK" and the "UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea" are no foreign forces. Their assertion that the UN is not a foreign force is nothing but a pretext for justifying their obsequious, traitorous policy of dependence on foreign forces. This can be explained in no other way except that it reveals their real intention to cling to foreign forces in disregard of the fundamental principle of reunifying the country independently. We must thoroughly expose the falsehood of their allegation and their true color as traitors to the nation and severely criticize them for the distortion of the three principles of national reunification.
  It is important in implementing the three principles of national reunification to ease military tension and take realistic measures to eliminate the sources of war in our country.
Reunification by means of armed force means fratricide. It conflicts with the interests of our nation and with the wishes of people all over the world. Our Party has consistently maintained that the country should be reunified peacefully and has made all efforts to do so. The aggressive policy of the US imperialists and their lackeys, the south Korean reactionaries, has imposed a three-year-long destructive war upon our people and has kept up military tensions in the postwar years.
In order to ease military tensions and prevent war in our country, the north and the south must sign an agreement to refrain from the use of arms against each other in accordance with the spirit of the North-South Joint Statement. The two sides must also effect a drastic reduction of their armed forces after getting the aggressive US troops, the perpetrators of war, out of south Korea. In addition, they must desist from any action that might aggravate the situation and take positive measures to prevent armed clashes. Unless these practical measures are taken, the declaration of the policy for peaceful national reunification will become empty words.
Although the south Korean authorities have agreed to the three principles of national reunification, it is difficult to believe their commitment to peaceful reunification. As matters now stand, the south Korean authorities are clamoring for the strengthening of what they call an all-out security system, claiming that the dialogue, to be successful, must be backed up by strength. They not only continue to slander the northern half of Korea but also conduct various military exercises in succession along the Military Demarcation Line, such as "emergency mountain exercises", "training in guerrilla warfare" and "training in river-crossing". All this uproar in south Korea since the publication of the North-South Joint Statement can only be considered an intentional act aimed at irritating us and aggravating the tension.
One of the three principles of national reunification elucidated in the North-South Joint Statement is the achievement of great national unity through a transcendence of the differences in ideology, ideals and systems.
In accordance with the spirit of the North-South Joint Statement we must demand that the south Korean authorities stop the fascist repression of the south Korean people, the repression being perpetrated under an anti-communist slogan, and democratize south Korean society. Our demand that they democratize south Korean society and ensure the people democratic rights and freedom is not an interference in their affairs, nor a demand that the capitalist system in south Korea be changed to another system. Under the pretext of the "threat of southward invasion from the north", the south Korean fascist rulers last year declared a state of emergency, arrested and imprisoned a large number of patriots calling for the country′s reunification, and stepped up the repression of opposition parties. Last year′s state of emergency was aimed at stamping out the reunification spirit, for the fascist clique was alarmed by the tide of peaceful reunification that had quickly risen among the south Korean people since the opening of the preliminary talks between the north and south Korean Red Cross Societies. The "threat of southward invasion" is only a pretext for declaring the stale of emergency. Since we have clarified on several occasions that we have no intention of invading the south, and have pledged ourselves moreover to peaceful reunification in the North-South Joint Statement this time, the south Korean authorities must naturally abolish the state of emergency they declared under the pretext of a "threat of southward invasion". They must also stop the repression of the people who demand the country′s reunification, and grant freedom of activity to political parties and social organizations. The principle of great national unity clarified in the North-South Joint Statement means uniting all the people, whether they are communists or nationalists, regardless of the differences in ideology, political views, religious beliefs or political affiliations, so long as they want the independent and peaceful reunification of the country. The south Korean authorities must, therefore, abolish their fascist laws, such as the "Anti-Communist Law" and the "National Security Law". Doing this is the essential requirement for the implementation of the three principles of national reunification and the agreements of the North-South Joint Statement. There is no reason why anyone should object to this requirement or deny it if he wishes to be loyal to the three principles of national reunification and the fundamental spirit of the North-South Joint Statement. However, the south Korean authorities openly say that they cannot abolish the "National Security Law", and a few days ago they brought to trial the patriots who had devoted themselves to the struggle for national reunification and sentenced some of them to death and others to long imprisonment at a time when the spirit of national unity had risen high as a result of the publication of the North-South Joint Statement. The trial itself was a criminal act, a blatant challenge to the three principles of national reunification.
  All the developments since the publication of the North-South Joint Statement show that the south Korean rulers have no will to reunify the country independently and peacefully and that they still hang on to the ambition of "unification by prevailing over communism". Their agreement to the three principles of national reunification and the North-South Joint Statement is no more than a deception to cloak their ulterior motives.
The aim and intention of the south Korean rulers in employing double-dealing tactics are obvious, but we must make patient efforts to improve north-south relations and achieve the independent and peaceful reunification of the country. We must lash out at the south Korean authorities when they violate the agreements of the North-South Joint Statement, and at the same time strive to widen the door of negotiations, which are now being held with such difficulty and to develop them further. We must advance the talks between the north and south Korean Red Cross Societies, that began last year so that they allay the sufferings of families and relatives, who are scattered over north and south due to the division of the country and help towards hastening the country′s reunification.
What is important in the north-south negotiations is to expand and develop political negotiations. Before the high-level talks between north and south were held, the south Korean authorities were against holding political negotiations. Insisting on the so-called "stage-by-stage approach" in solving the question of reunification, they argued that humanitarian exchange, such as the correspondence by mail, should be realized first, then economic and cultural exchange, and finally political negotiations between north and south for the settlement of the reunification question. But their "stage-by-stage approach" came to nothing as the high-level talks were held between the north and south this time and as the North-South Joint Statement, the keynote of which is the three principles of national reunification, was published. Thus political negotiations have already started prior to humanitarian, economic and cultural exchange. In accordance with the agreements reached between the two sides, we must form and put into operation the north-south coordination commission at the earliest date, and through it discuss and settle important questions arising in the improvement of north-south relations and in reunifying the country. We must bring the north-south dialogue to a successful conclusion on the principle of finding common ground between the two sides and of relegating their differences to the background. We must do this in the common interests of the nation.
  An important matter in the political negotiations is to negotiate with the south Korean rulers and at the same time deal with opposition parties in south Korea gradually so as to develop the north-south political negotiations on a multilateral basis. Only through the development of multilateral political negotiations can we make the struggle for the country′s reunification an undertaking of the whole nation and prevent the south Korean rulers from violating or fooling the three principles of national reunification and the North-South Joint Statement. We must develop a wide-range north-south exchange in the fields of economy, sports and culture, and realize contacts and exchange in every possible field so that as many people as possible can travel between the two parts of the country. People′s free travel, close contacts and extensive negotiations between north and south alone can remove distrust and misunderstanding resulting from the long separation and widen the range of understanding and further promote national unity. Mutual contacts and visits will also give people a better knowledge of the situation in the north and the south, as well as a better understanding of the question of the country′s reunification.
The struggle to reunify the country independently and peacefully by implementing the three principles of national reunification is a serious one between patriotism and treachery, between the spirit of national independence and the idea of dependence on foreign forces. In view of the fact that the south Korean rulers are clamoring about the "confrontation with dialogue" even after they agreed to the three principles of national reunification, we must prepare ourselves well for coping with their provocation and their policy of confrontation. Experience shows that it is the stereotyped trick of the enemy to stir up conflict and step up tension whenever the tide is high for national reunification or whenever there are signs of tensions relaxing between north and south.
Today all the developments require that we further intensify the education of Party members and other working people and prepare them well politically and ideologically. We must not sit back in the thought that the country will be reunified smoothly because the North-South Joint Statement has been published. When collaboration is effected between north and south in future and visits, economic and cultural exchange are realized, many south Korean people will come to see the north and people in the north will go to see the south. It is clear that the enemy, taking this opportunity, will resort to every conceivable scheme to spread bourgeois ideas and establish the capitalist system in the north. It would be a mistake if you were to think that no bourgeois idea could infiltrate into our ranks and no capitalist element revive in our society because all the people in the north are armed with the revolutionary idea of our Party and solidly united around the Party. You must bear in mind that bourgeois ideas can seep through and capitalist elements come back to life if we relax and neglect ideological education for Party members and other working people, and that our revolutionary achievements may be jeopardized in this process. We must further intensify the ideological education of Party members and the working people, as required by the present situation, and arm them thoroughly with the Juche idea, the monolithic ideology of our Party, and rally the masses closely behind the Party by working properly among the masses of all strata.
We must also further increase the economic power of the country and bring the advantages of our socialist system into full play by accelerating the construction of socialist economy. The socialist system established in the north is incomparably superior to the capitalist system. The foreigners who visit our country unanimously agree that our socialist system is superior and even the south Korean delegates to the preliminary Red Cross talks admitted its superiority. However, we must not rest content. Our system is good but we must work harder in several fields in order to bring the advantages of socialism into fully play. In particular, we must further strengthen the material foundation of our society and provide the people with a richer life by building up the socialist economy so that the excellence of our socialist system is visible to everyone.
  In order lo realize the three principles of national reunification and speed up the independent and peaceful reunification of the country, we must see to it that a large percentage of the world′s public gives active support and encouragement to the reunification of our nation and denounces the obstructive maneuverings of the US and other imperialists.
The United States stands behind the south Korean rulers, who speak and act against the fundamental spirit of the North-South Joint Statement and the content of the agreement. The US imperialists verbally welcome the North-South Joint Statement, but in fact they are not happy about the progress in the north-south dialogue and the rising tide in favor of the country′s reunification. With a view to getting out of their difficult internal and external situation, the US imperialists have proposed the "Nixon Doctrine" to employ the tactics of letting the Asians fight among themselves in Asia and the Koreans among themselves in Korea. They also demand that the south Korean rulers maintain the state of division, even though they are negotiating with the north. This is clear from the attitude they have been taking since the publication of the North-South Joint Statement. No sooner had the North-South Joint Statement been published than the US imperialists blatantly disclosed their intention to continue with the military occupation of south Korea. They said that they would go on with their plan of modernizing the south Korean army in spite of the north-south talks for peaceful reunification, and that they had no plan of reducing the US troops in south Korea.

We must give worldwide publicity to our Party′s line of reunifying the country independently and peacefully and expose the maneuvers of aggression and interference of the US imperialists, who oppose the reunification of Korea and intend to continue their occupation of south Korea. Because of the US imperialists′ and their stooges′ deceitful fuss about "southward invasion" and their misleading propaganda against us, many people in the world lack a clear understanding of our Party′s policy of independent and peaceful reunification. They believe us to intend "reunifying the country through communization" by force of arms. We must give wide publicity to the three principles of national reunification and the North-South Joint Statement among the people of the world, so that they clearly understand that it is none other than the US imperialists and their stooges who increase tensions in our country and obstruct the independent and peaceful reunification of Korea. We must strive to compel the withdrawal of the US troops of aggression occupying south Korea in the name of the UN, and work for the disbandment of the "UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea". We must step up our external propaganda and foreign activities to encourage the progressive people of the world to bring pressure upon the US imperialists to get their aggressive troops out of south Korea and prevent them from interfering in the reunification of our country,
  We must see that the world′s progressive people guard against the Japanese militarists′ scheme of reinvading south Korea. The Japanese militarists want our country to remain divided into south and north forever and they are simply watching for their chance to reinvade south Korea. The Japanese militarists will try to take south Korea again by hook or by crook if the US imperialists are driven out of there. We must reveal all the barbarous aggressive acts the Japanese militarists perpetrated in the past and expose their ambitions of aggression in order to isolate them from the people of the world and prevent them from creeping into south Korea once again.
  It is the most important and pressing task for the Party and the people to struggle in order to hasten the independent and peaceful reunification of the country. We must give the Party members and the working people a profound understanding of the correctness of the three principles of national reunification put forward by the leader and the independent and peaceful reunification line of our Party so as to encourage all of our people to make dynamic efforts for their implementation.

Kim Il Sung and Korea’s Reunification
The Korean people are making vigorous headway in the efforts to achieve their national reunification in the face of the unscrupulous obstruction and challenges by the separatist forces within and without. Their progress is inconceivable apart from the exploits of President Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), father of socialist Korea, who dedicated all his life to achieving Korea’s reunification.
Thoroughgoing idea of great national unity
In his effort to reunify the country President Kim Il Sung always subordinated everything to achieving the great national unity, regarding it as a matter of priority concern. He considered the issue of Korea’s reunification as a matter of removing the mistrust and antagonism between the north and the south of Korea caused by the national division forced by foreign forces, and achieving the national unity.
He held that, in order to achieve the great national unity, it is important to put national interests above all else, transcending the differences in ideologies, ideals and social systems between the north and the south of Korea. He advanced the three principles of national reunification-independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity-the gist of the historic July 4 North-South Joint Statement (1972). His steadfast idea of the great national unity induced Choe Tok Sin, former foreign minister of south Korea, and many other people to bid farewell to their past stained with confrontation and make a U-turn in their life into working for the cause of reunification.
In April 1993 he put forward the “Ten-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country,” which serves as a key programme of the national unity for the Korean people aspiring to the country’s reunification. The programme calls for unity on the principle of promoting co-existence, co-prosperity and common interests on the basis of the love for the nation and the spirit of national independence, and subordinating everything to the cause of reunification, for an end to all kinds of political strifes between the fellow countrymen, and promotion of mutual trust and unity, for protection of the materials and spiritual assets possessed by individuals and organizations so that they are favourably used to promote the great national unity, and so on. It inspires the Korean people in the north, south and abroad to the struggle for the great national unity and reunification.
This program, along with the three principles of national reunification and the plan for the establishment of the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo, constitutes a part of the three charters for Korea’s reunification.
Blueprint for reunified state
The prevailing circumstances on the Korean peninsula confirm that the day is not distant when the Korean nation is reunified. Then, what would be the features of the reunified Korea?
The answer to this question was given 30 years ago.
At the Sixth Congress of the Worker’s Party of Korea in October 1980 President Kim Il Sung proposed a plan to reunify the country and the nation by establishing a federal state on the basis of leaving the ideologies and social systems in the north and south intact and recognizing and tolerating them. The reunified state in the form of federation will be based on the regional autonomy that is exercised in two different social systems, and will include the whole territory of the country and the entire nation.
In this reunified state, a supreme national assembly will be formed with an equal number of representatives from the north and the south and an appropriate number of representatives of overseas nationals; this assembly will form a federal standing committee to guide the regional governments of the north and the south and to administer all the affairs of the federal state. The President defined the nomenclature of the federal state to be the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo (Koryo was the nomenclature of the first unified state of the Korean nation that existed between 918 and 1392) and stated that the federal state shall be a neutral country that does not join any political or military alliances or blocs.
Even in his last days
From time immemorial a legend about the stars Herdsman Kyon U and Vega Jik Nyo has been handed down through generation in many countries in the East. According to the legend, the beautiful girl Jik Nyo and the diligent boy Kyon U loved each other but had to live separated with the Galaxy in between, and would meet on the Ojak Bridge every July 7 by the lunar calendar.
In the evening of July 6, 1994, President Kim Il Sung, all of a sudden, told this legend to the officials. About this time the attention of the world was drawn to forthcoming summit meeting between the north and the south of Korea and the Korean people’s enthusiasm for reunification was reaching a crescendo. Therefore, his narrative bespoke his intention to arrange an emotional reunion for the Korean people that had been suffering from national division for scores of years.
His office remained lit all through that night and the next. After he unexpectedly passed away early in the morning on July 8, officials found on his table a document on the country’s reunification, bearing his signature “Kim Il Sung July 7, 1994.”
The signature was later inscribed on a granite monument at Panmunjom on the Military Demarcation Line that divides the Korean Peninsula into north and south, to hand the exploits President Kim Il Sung had performed for Korea’s reunification, down through generations.

Pyongyang, June 25 (KCNA) -- The Panmunjom mission of the Korean People's Army on Wednesday released a detailed report condemning the U.S. for pushing the Korean peninsula to constant danger of a war and imposing unspeakable misfortune and pain on the Korean nation.
The U.S. has deliberately aggravated the situation on the peninsula by violating the Armistice Agreement, the legal mechanism to prevent the recurrence of a war, the report said, and went on: The U.S. signed the "mutual defense treaty" with the south Korean puppet forces on August 8, 1953, thus legitimizing the permanent presence of the U.S. imperialist aggressors in south Korea.
This was a blatant violation of Paragraph 60 of Article 4 of the AA which calls for withdrawing all foreign forces from Korea and peacefully settling the Korean issue. It systematically breached Paragraph 13 d which bans the introduction into Korea of all arms and equipment, Paragraph 23 of Article 2 related to activities of the mechanism for monitoring and controlling military hostilities and the relevant paragraphs of the AA which call for ceasing all hostilities against the other party.
The U.S. moves to totally scrap the AA reached an extreme phase when it let a "general" of the south Korean puppet army having neither reason nor qualifications hold the post of a senior member of the "Military Armistice Commission" in 1991.
The mechanisms to supervise the implementation of the AA which were formed according to the AA ceased to exist due to the U.S. undisguised challenge and obstructive moves. After getting AA buried in history, the U.S. began to direct all its efforts to committing vicious military provocations to invade the DPRK.
After diverting the basic orientation of its strategy for world domination to the Asia-Pacific region in the 1990s, the U.S. set the DPRK as the primary target of its "East Asia strategy." It steadily revised and supplemented all scenarios for a war against the DPRK including OPLAN 5027 and OPLAN 5030 and finally round them off.
To this end, the U.S. massively reinforced latest destructive weapons targeting the DPRK, perpetrated reckless military provocations and steadily intensified large-sale war maneuvers. The U.S. has staged a total of at least 18 000 war maneuvers for invading the DPRK and joint military exercises in and around south Korea since the ceasefire, counting only those opened to public.
The situation prevailing on the Korean peninsula is so gravest that a nuclear war may break out any moment, the report said, and continued: It was the period of the last Korean war that the Korean nation was exposed to the nuclear threat and blackmail for the first time.
The then war boss Truman made several attempts to drop A-bomb on the DPRK to recover from the repeated heavy setbacks in the Korean War. The U.S. blackmailed the DPRK with nuclear bombs, threatening to reduce it to debris. This left towering grudge in the minds of Koreans. Since the end of the 1950s, the U.S. began to massively introducing nuclear weapons into south Korea.
As early as in the 1970s the U.S. turned south Korea into the area with the biggest density in the deployment of nuclear weapons in the world. Early in the 1980s it brought even neutron bombs to south Korea. After turning south Korea into the world's biggest outpost for nuclear attack and nuclear arsenal, the U.S. worked desperately to use those nuclear weapons with various missions in fighting a war of aggression against the DPRK.
 Focus Retina, Freedom Bolt, Team Spirit, RSOI, Key Resolve, Foal Eagle, Ulji Freedom Guardian and all other joint military exercises which it has staged so far since the 1960s were all aimed to bolster the actual nuclear war capabilities in south Korea. In fact, the U.S. attempted the direct use of nuclear weapons, while openly designating the DPRK, the non-nuclear state, as a target of a preemptive nuclear attack on several occasions.
In the "quadrennial defense strategy review report" the U.S. defined the DPRK as "state posing direct threat" and the "biggest rival" and blustered that in case its "deterrence strategy" fails, it will contain the DPRK by use of nuclear force. This revealed to what reckless phase its ambition to stifle the DPRK with nukes has reached. Obama in a recent public appearance did not utter even a word about the moves of the U.S. as the arch criminal who spawned the nuclear issue of the Korean peninsula and posed the nuclear threat and blackmail but let loose a whole string of provocative outbursts that he would continue to pressurize the north to denuclearize, while groundlessly taking issue with the nuclear deterrence of the DPRK. This once again revealed its attempt to persist in the moves to ignite a nuclear war against the DPRK

Only merciless punishment and fist, not word, will work on the U.S. as it regards aggression and war as the mode of its existence. The army and people of the DPRK are waiting for the moment to settle accounts with the U.S. which posed constant nuclear war threat to the Korean peninsula and imposed untold misfortune and sufferings on it.

Pyongyang, June 22 (KCNA) -- The spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry gave the following answer to a question put by KCNA Sunday as regards the anti-DPRK invectives made by the Australian foreign minister: On June 19 the Australian foreign minister at a telephone interview dared hurt the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK, not content with slandering its just line and policy including the bolstering of nuclear deterrence for self-defence.
Great irony is that although she is the foreign minister of a country, she unhesitatingly let loose a spate of reckless remarks slandering the other country and interfering in its internal affairs, not properly understanding even the elementary principle of the UN Charter and the essence of the regional peace and security.
Anyone of reason recognizes the stark reality that the threat to the peace and security in the Korean peninsula and in the region is being posed by the U.S. which has ceaselessly staged in collusion with the south Korean puppet forces joint military exercises chiefly aimed to "occupy Pyongyang" with huge armed forces for aggression and lethal weapons involved.
Stunning is that the Australian foreign minister dared hurt the dignity of the DPRK's supreme leadership while talking about what she called legitimacy. She is not entitled to call for legitimacy as she is no more than a stooge carrying out the U.S. hostile policy toward the DPRK and echoing others' sophism without his own foreign policy and view.

The DPRK will never pardon but resolutely punish anyone who dares slander the dignity of its supreme leadership.
Pyongyang, June 25 (KCNA) -- The spokesman for the Foreign Ministry of the DPRK released the following statement Wednesday: The enemies have gone beyond the tolerance limit in their despicable moves to dare hurt the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK.
A preview of a film on insulting and assassinating the supreme leadership of the DPRK is floating in broad daylight in the U.S., a kingpin of international terrorism and its cesspool, shocking the world community.
The U.S. has gone reckless in such provocative hysteria as bribing a rogue movie maker to dare hurt the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK. This act of not fearing any punishment from Heaven is touching off the towering hatred and wrath of the service personnel and people of the DPRK.
The above-said practice is, however, a revelation of its fear as it is taken aback by the bright and rosy future of the DPRK under the leadership of the peerless great man and a last-ditch effort of those who are seized by a daydream.
Absolutely intolerable is the distribution of such film in the U.S. as it is the most undisguised terrorism and a war action to deprive the service personnel and people of the DPRK of their mental mainstay and bring down its social system.
The dignified and worthwhile life the Korean people enjoy at present and the great changes taking place in the country as well as everything valuable that will belong to the rosy future when the dreams and ideals of the people will come true would be unthinkable apart from the supreme leadership of the DPRK.
That's why they regard the supreme leadership as dearer than their own lives.

It is their firm determination and stamina to mercilessly destroy anyone who dares hurt or attacks the supreme leadership of the country even a bit. Those who defamed our supreme leadership and committed the hostile acts against the DPRK can never escape the stern punishment to be meted out according to a law wherever they might be in the world.  If the U.S. administration connives at and patronizes the screening of the film, it will invite a strong and merciless countermeasure.

July 8 is the 20th anniversary of the demise of the President KIM IL SUNG.
The Korean people hold KIM IL SUNG in high esteem as the eternal President of their country. He is the founder of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, a socialist power that puts masses of the people at the center of every consideration for the first time in its 5000-year-long history and never wavers in whatever adversity it is faced with.
KIM IL SUNG put forward new ideas and theories that serve as correct guideline in nation-building.
His propositions on nation-building were original in that they were developed centering on the popular masses. Based on the Juche idea that the popular masses are the master and propeller of revolution and construction, he advanced the idea of building a people-oriented and independent state that works for the fulfillment of their desire for independence. He also elucidated concrete tasks, ways and means of its implementation in all-round way. His ideology is an incorporation of answers to all theoretical and practical problems arising in the state building and activity ranging from essence and mission of the state power, fundamental principles of the socialist state building, functions and roles of state organs, their mode of activity to functional systems and methods. Thus scientific, wide-ranging and profound explanations about the matters related to building and developing the state for the sake of the working people were provided.
The President established a new-type government of the working class, or the people’s government, and developed it into a powerful weapon for accomplishing the socialist cause.
Refusing to adhere to established theories or experiences of other countries, he hewed the way of building the people’s power along independent lines to defend and meet the interests of the popular masses of all strata, including the workers, peasants, soldiers and intellectuals. That he established the people’s revolutionary governments in the guerrilla bases during the armed struggle to free Korea form military occupation of the Japanese imperialists, is of particular importance in his effort to build a people’s government nationwide. On the basis of its historical root, the President, immediately after Korea’s liberation in August 1945, put forth a nation-building policy that suited the prevailing situation of Korea, and established the North Korean Provisional People’s Committee in February 1946. It was a people’s democratic government that was committed to the immediate tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution. It was succeeded by the People’s Committee of North Korea in February 1947 whose mission was to carry out the tasks of socialist revolution. At last on September 9, 1948, KIM IL SUNG founded the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). In the days of the Korean War (1950-1953)provoked by the United States in an attempt to nip the young DPRK in its bud, the President saw that the government system of the people’s power was thoroughly established suit the wartime situation and that its role as organizer and mobilizer was enhanced, thus bringing about the victory in the war. In the postwar days he paid great attention to consolidating the people’s government and enhancing its function and role in conformity with the requirements of socialist revolution and construction. He gave a classical definition that the people’s government represents the independent right of the popular masses, organizes their creativity activities, and takes responsible care of the people’s living and safeguards the people. He had a new state administration system set up, meeting the lawful requirements of the development of socialist society, and made sure that the government organs activities constantly improved.
The President developed the DPRK into a powerful and prosperous state with solid political, military and economic foundations.
The Juche-idea which he had founded in his early years-was adopted as the guiding idea of the Republic and became the political and ideological basis for the unity of the broad masses of the people which has served as the rock-firm socio-political foundation of the people’s government. His benevolent and all-embracing politics rallied all the people closely behind the Worker’s Party of Korea and the national government, while ensuring they further benefited from the popular policies administered by the Party and the government. Thus the country achieved the strongest single-hearted unity of the leader, the Party and the people, more powerful than nuclear weapons.
Using the banner of Songun to lead the Korean revolution beset with all sorts of twists and turns, he consistently regarded it as an important matter concerning the destiny of the nation to strengthen the defense industry. His life-long achievements made in the strengthening of defense potentialities are typically embodied in the Korean People’s Army, which is fully prepared politically and ideologically, military and technically and well equipped with powerful means of both offensive and defensive, and the nation’s perfect war deterrent.
He initiated the policy of building a self-reliant national economy and conducted energetic activities for its implementation, resolutely rejecting the appeasement and pressure from the great powers. Thanks to solid self-supporting economy, Korea has firmly maintained its political independence and self-reliance in national defense, and laid down a sure material guarantee for the prosperity of the nation.
The firm political, military and economic bases secured by the President throughout his life are a powerful force that will continue to propel the country along the ever-victorious road in the future, too.
KIM IL SUNG’s achievements made in the DPRK founding will be immortal along with the eternal prosperity of socialist Korea.
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is now advancing vigorously toward the peak of a thriving nation under the wise leadership of                       H. E. KIM JONG UN, First Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, First Chairman of the DPRK National Defense Commission, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army.

Dr. Alhassan Mamman Muhammad
National Chairman
Nigerian National Committee on the Study of