WHY ARE THE GIS IN SOUTH KOREA?
On September 8, 1945, the troops of the United States landed on south Korea, and since then they are stationed there.
There are some sinister reasons why the US has its troops stationed in south Korea for such a long period.
Result of Ambition for Domination
The United States had long been keeping its eye on the Korean peninsula, the gateway to the Asian continent. To this end, it had worked out a plan to make Korea its colony, a point of military importance, already in the 30s of 19th century, and dispatched its “expedition team” for armed invasion of Korea between the 1860s and 1870s. A typical example is that its aggression ship, General Sherman, intruded into Korea in 1866, but was sunk into the Taedong River in Pyongyang.
Watching eagerly for the chance of invading Korea, the US tried to realize its ambition, taking advantage of the defeat of Japan, together with Germany and Italy, in the Second World War. It planned to compel Japan to surrender to it, not to the Allies, by dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, thereby monopolizing the victory in war against Japan and occupying Korea which was under the rule of Japan.
However, the situation developed unfavourably for the US to carry out its plan. Before it set foot on Korea, it looked inevitable that the whole Korea would be liberated thanks to the joint military operations of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army and the former Soviet Red Army.
At that juncture, Japan notified the Allies on August 14, 1945, of its acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration and surrender.
Informed of it, US President Truman gave instructions to the Department of Defense that a “General Order” should be drafted on distributing the regions between the US and former Soviet Union to accept the surrender of Japanese army. The order provided for US troops to land on south Korea for the purpose of disarming Japanese soldiers. In this way, the 38th Parallel became the line that divided Korea into north and south.
On September 8, almost a month after the defeat of Japan, the US landed its troops in south Korea.
Unlawful and Immoral Occupation
The American occupation of south Korea was unlawful through and through.
The conferences of the Allies during WWII acknowledged that the Korean nation was in the condition of Japanese slavery and declared that Korea should be free and independent. The Potsdam Declaration which was adopted in the last conference of the Allies discussing the postwar settlement reconfirmed it.
Those previous conferences and consequential agreements never mentioned about any “demarcation line” for both Soviet and American troops to disarm the Japanese troops.
This notwithstanding, the United States fabricated arbitrarily the 38th Parallel and occupied south Korea.
The US occupation of south Korea is illegal in the light of the international laws on war.
According to the 1907 Hague Treaty and Rules regarding the laws and customs of land warfare the most important condition for lawful military occupation is that the occupied territory should be the one of the hostile country. It thus defines it as an illegal military occupation to occupy the region of the country which is not hostile.
In 1945, towards the end of WWII, Korea was not the country hostile to the Allies, but the one to be freed from Japan, a belligerent state.
Japan, too, recognized that Korea should be freed from its yoke through several documents, including the statement of the Japanese government agreeing to accept the surrender terms of the Potsdam Declaration. After its unconditional surrender it transferred of its own accord all authority to people’s committees formed by the Korean people and was awaiting punishment.
People’s committees at all levels were set up throughout south Korea, disarming the Japanese army and police, and securing social stability through autonomy. Under these circumstances, it was completely unlawful that the US militarily occupied south Korea on the pretext of disarming the Japanese troops.
Sly Tricks Aimed at Permanent Occupation
The joint conference of representatives of the north and south Korean political parties and social organizations was held in Pyongyang in April 1948 and, representing the will of the entire Korean nation, demanded the withdrawal of foreign troops, both Russian and American, from Korea at the same time.
The government of former Soviet Union informed the DPRK government in September 1948 of the withdrawal of its troops by the end of December that year. On December 26 the headquarters of the Soviet army left Korea, completing the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from north Korea.
Though the US made public its “complete withdrawal of troops” in June 1949, many of them remained in south Korea under the disguise of the “American Military Advisory Group.” It even instigated the puppet Syngman Rhee government to hold a national meeting in demand of postponing the withdrawal of the American troops, scheming to legalize its permanent occupation of south Korea.
After the Korean war (1950-1953) the US opposed the proposal for simultaneous withdrawal of Chinese People’s Volunteers and US troops. Therefore, after the CPV’s return by 1958, the US troops in south Korea increased continuously.
The US did not carry out the resolution adopted at the 30th session of the United Nations General Assembly on dissolving the “United Nations Command” and pulling out all the foreign troops in the cap of UN force in south Korea.
During the Cold War, it strove for permanent stationing of GIs in south Korea, making an excuse of “threat” from former Soviet Union. This excuse lost its justification after the end of the Cold War and collapse of former Soviet Union.
This being the case, the US began to trumpet about the “threats from north Korea,” causing rumours about the latter’s missile and nuclear threats.
That is why the US is constantly conducting dangerous test war, preliminary nuclear war, against the DPRK and further aggravating the situation on the Korean peninsula.
THE FORTRESS OF INDEPENDENCE
It is a serious lesson learned from recent world events that one should have one’s own self-defensive power in order to defend sovereignty of a country and safeguard peace. Not a few countries of the world suffered the tragedy of infringement of their sovereignty and dignity, bloodshed and collapse, because they had no strength with which to fight against the intervention and aggression by the imperialists.
But there is one country with which such a power policy of the imperialists cuts no ice. It is the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, a small country in the East.
When the DPRK launched an artificial satellite for peaceful purposes in December 2012, the United States and its following forces picked a quarrel with it without any reason and adopted the United Nations Security Council’s “resolution on sanctions.” Their real intention was quiet obvious; they were aimed at isolating and stifling this anti-imperialist, independent country.
The DPRK met the assaults of the hostile forces when they, in pursuit of an ulterior purpose, were calling into question the former’s fair right to satellite launch, with the third underground nuclear test. It was a just measure to safeguard not only its national sovereignty but also international justice.
However, the US and its followers imposed on it tougher sanctions, finding fault with its nuclear test. Moreover, they launched joint military exercises codenamed Key Resolve and Foal Eagle in the largest scale unprecedented so far in an attempt to militarily suppress the DPRK. They enlisted in these exercises not only huge armed forces involving troops from several vassal states but also nuclear-powered aircraft carriers loaded with over a hundred nuclear bombs, B-52H strategic bombers and other ground, naval and air nuclear striking means en masse.
A hair-triggering situation in which a war can break out was created in the Korean peninsula, one of the world’s hot spots for several decades.
To cope with it, supreme leader Kim Jong Un of the DPRK ordered all the service personnel of the Korean People’s Army and people of the country to prepare for a decisive battle. And, inspecting army units, he said resolutely that the enemy, if they dared to drop even a spark of fire on either the territory or the territorial waters of the Republic, should be given a thrashing blow and their camp be wiped out so that they would never move an inch again. When the B-2A stealth strategic bombers and other strategic striking means of the US flew from the airbase in US mainland and committed acts of provocation in the skies of south Korea, he ordered that the strategic rockets of the KPA be on standby to assault the US military bases in the Pacific operational zone including the US mainland, Hawaii and Guam Island and in south Korea.
A special statement of the DPRK government, political parties and public organizations clarified the unshakable stand that the nuclear blackmail of the US will be answered with a merciless nuclear strike and its war of aggression with an all-out war of justice.
The US-led forces were overpowered by the Korean army and people who turned out in a do-or-die struggle in defence of its sovereignty.
What is more unbelievable is that the US, which had in the past boisterously advertised the nuclear strike against other countries, had to accept a striking reality that it had to talk about a strategy of defending its mainland from the nuclear attack by others. It means that the era is gone forever when the US threatened the DPRK with nukes.
Now all the Korean army and people are full of determination to safeguard their own dignity and sovereignty without fail and mercilessly punish the US and its following forces that are indulged deep in high-handedness and arbitrariness and behaving recklessly.
The DPRK is fully capable of carrying out its will. It is now countering the US wielding nuclear weapons with precise nuclear attacking means of its style.
The US newspaper Worker’s World commented in one of its article that the crisis facing the US administration was that the DPRK prepared its retaliatory capability to neutralize the US nuclear blackmails. And it warned that any kinds of threats could bring no changes to the DPRK but cause side effects.
Another American newspaper Chicago Tribune commented that at the moment north Korea was too powerful to be ignored.
Powerful war deterrence of the DPRK—this is a great contribution to and achievement it has made for peace and security on the Korean peninsula and the Northeast Asia, and, further, for global peace.
The reality of the DPRK which stands bravely against imperialist allied forces and defends with credit its national sovereignty and dignity instils great confidence and strength in many countries aspiring to independence and promotes the cause of making the world independent.
Kim Jong Un Guides Actual Parachuting and Striking Drill of Paratrooper Units of KPA
Pyongyang, August 28 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, guided the actual parachuting and striking drill of paratrooper units of the KPA.
After receiving a report on the plan for the drill on the observation post, he guided it.
The paratroopers who have undergone intensive training and their hearts burning with the resolution to mercilessly wipe out enemies accurately landed on the designated area.
He expressed great satisfaction, saying they are very good at parachuting and they have strong guts.
The paratroopers have intensified their training the way the anti-Japanese guerrillas did in Mt. Paektu, bearing in mind that they cannot expect a victory in their future combat without sweat in the day-to-day trainings. They rapidly went over to their next combat action and thus carried out the order of the Supreme Commander.
Kim Jong Un highly praised them for having successfully conducted the drill by applying the Juche war method and gave instructions to be fulfilled by the KPA to round off the combat preparations.
He said that an army good at fighting would be unimaginable without drills and that if service personnel neglect training even a moment because there is no gunfire of war, they may bring irrevocable consequences in an actual battle. The KPA should make it part of their life and habit to do exercise, he added.
He stressed the need to prepare all service personnel as a-match-for-a-hundred fighters who are always ready for all services by thoroughly carrying out the training-first idea of the party, thinking of battles awake or asleep, while bearing in mind that an exercise means army and training is the first task among a hundred military tasks.
He put forward a new training method and way which would serve as guidelines for preparing service personnel to be capable of satisfactorily performing their combat duties.
He expressed expectation and belief that the service personnel would firmly guarantee the accomplishment of the Juche revolutionary cause and the building of a thriving socialist nation with arms by making sustained great efforts for stepping up the battle preparations and bolstering up the combat capability.
He was accompanied by Hwang Pyong So, Ri Yong Gil, Pyon In Son, O Kum Chol, Ri Pyong Chol, Pang Kwan Bok and Jang Tong Un.
FOUNDER OF THE DPRK
The Korean people hold Kim Il Sung (1912-1994), founder of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in high esteem as the eternal President of the DPRK.
Cherishing a high aim of building a people’s country, he opened up a path for setting up a people’s government, which defends and realizes the interests of workers, peasants, service personnel, intellectuals and other broad sections of the masses of the people from the independent standpoint irrespective of the established theories and experiences of other countries.
He led the efforts to set up a people’s revolutionary government, which defends the people’s rights and freedom, in the guerrilla bases during the anti-Japanese armed struggle to liberate Korea from Japan’s military occupation (1905-1945).
Based on that historical root, he put forward a line of building a new country in consonance with the realities of Korea just after its liberation (August 1945), and organized in February 1946 the Provisional People’s Committee of North Korea (PPCNK) as a people’s democratic government to carry out the immediate tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution. The PPCNK was a democratic government of new type founded on the basis of the worker-peasant alliance led by the working class and the united front of the broad masses of the people, which made the Korean people wage a vigorous struggle to carry out various democratic reforms, exercising their full-fledged rights as the masters of society.
In those days peasants made up the overwhelming majority of the population in Korea. In order to achieve their age-long desire, Kim Il Sung proclaimed the historical Law on Agrarian Reform on March 5, 1946, and then the Labour Law, the Law on Sex Equality, the law on nationalization of major industries and so on, thus enforcing the democratic policies in all fields of education, culture, judicial and prosecutorial work. Under his leadership, various democratic reforms were successfully carried out in a short period in North Korea to eliminate the colonial and feudal legacies in all fields of social life, rehabilitate the national industry and establish a democratic educational and cultural system, providing the social and economic foundations for a new, democratic Korea.
With the successful fulfilment of the tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution, the PPCNK was developed into the People’s Committee of North Korea (PCNK) in February 1947. The PCNK carried out the tasks in the period of gradual transition to socialism and laid a firm foundation of an all-Korea central government to be established, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The course of founding the DPRK, however, was not smooth.
The internal and external situations of Korea were very complicated and acute after liberation. The United States occupied south Korea on the pretext of “disarmament” of the defeated Japanese army after the end of the Second World War, affording a possibility of a divided Korea. The US dissolved forcibly the people’s committees established on the initiative of the people in south Korea and administered military rule as a new method of colonial rule.
In the critical situation Kim Il Sung devoted all his energies to frustrating the manoeuvres of the US to split the Korean nation and rallying all the patriotic forces in the north and the south of Korea closely under the banner of national independence. As a result, the Joint Conference of Representatives of Political Parties and Public Organizations in North and South Korea was held in Pyongyang in April 1948. The unity of the patriotic, democratic forces in the north and the south became the social and political foundation for establishing a unified central government of Korea.
The fabrication of “separate election” by the US in south Korea in May 1948 aggravated a danger of division of the Korean nation. To cope with it, Kim Il Sung in June that year called a consultative conference of leaders of political parties and public organizations in the north and south of Korea and set forth the policy of establishing an all-Korea government through a north-south general election without delay. The north-south general election was held in August, followed by the historical First Session of the Supreme People’s Assembly in September. On September 9, 1948, the DPRK, the first people’s democratic country in the East, was founded.
Since the founding of the DPRK Kim Il Sung led the country and people for nearly half a century. Under his leadership the DPRK, less than two years after founding, fought against aggression of the US, who boasted of being “the strongest” in the world, in the Korean war (1950-1953) and defended the country’s sovereignty and dignity with honour. The postwar reconstruction and socialist revolution were completed in a short period on the debris after the war, and the socialist construction of several stages was successfully conducted.
Marking the 66th anniversary of the founding of the DPRK, which has displayed the dignity of an invincible socialist country, we pay high tribute to its founder, President Kim Il Sung.