Friday, June 28, 2013



President Kim Il Sung, upholding the banner of independence, rendered immortal services to the times and history.
Having embarked on the road of struggle for the country and people in his early teens, he authored the Juche idea, the gist of which is that the masses of the people are the masters and the driving force of the revolution and construction; in other words, it means that man is the master of his own destiny and has the strength with which to carve out his destiny.
Since then the Korean revolution has vigorously advanced along the road of independence.
In the period of the armed struggle to liberate Korea from the Japanese military occupation, he ensured that the guerrillas kept the strong conviction that they should fight the Japanese by making themselves weapons and grenades instead of looking forward to aids from others.
The guerrillas waged the arduous armed struggle for over 15 years, holding high the slogan of winning back the country by themselves, and achieved the country’s liberation.
After liberation he made sure that Korea took the road of Korean-style democracy, not adopting other countries’ styles, and vigorously led the struggle to reunify the country divided by foreign forces.
In the grim days of the Korean war (1950-1953) to repel the aggression of the United States he ensured that the service personnel of the Korean People’s Army employed unique tactical methods such as building tunnels and bringing direct-firing guns up to the heights, thus winning victory in the war.
After the war he put forward a unique line of economic construction to give priority to the development of heavy industry and simultaneously develop light industry and agriculture, and led his people to get rid of flunkeyism and dogmatism and take the road of independence.
When other socialist countries persistently forced Korea to join the CMEA, insisting on the “integrated economy” within them, he never vacillated in the slightest nor deviated an iota from the line of building the independent national economy.
In the mid-1980s the trend of “reform” and “openness” was sweeping the socialist countries, but he firmly maintained the independent stand and held up higher the red flag, thus defending the socialist system of Korea reliably even though others abandoned socialism.
Kim Il Sung paid great attention to realize the cause of making the world independent throughout his life.
He gave clear answers to the matters of principle arising in realizing the cause of global independence such as those on maintaining independence in the struggle for peace and fighting against the imperialist forces of aggression with the united efforts of all the peace-loving forces of the world, and on struggling while uniting and vice versa. When Francois Mitterrand, head of the French Socialist Party, visited Korea in February 1981, Kim Il Sung said to him that in order to prevent a new world war, the European countries should not be aligned with any blocs but make themselves independent and neutral, and that they should help the newly-emerging countries to firmly maintain their independence and build theirs into independent, sovereign states.
When he met Utsunomiya Tokuma, Japanese politician, he told him that the global peace would be surely maintained only when all the countries of the world, including European and Asian countries as well as Japan became independent and that it was his ideal for peace.
Kim Il Sung assisted heart and soul other countries in accomplishing their cause of anti-imperialist independence.
Already in the period of anti-Japanese armed struggle for Korea’s liberation he actively assisted the Chinese revolution and defended the former Soviet Union with arms. After liberation he also gave unstinted assistance to the countries and nations in their struggle against imperialism.
The support and assistance given by him to the Algerian people who launched an armed struggle for the national liberation in Africa, known as the Dark Continent and the continent of colonies, wrote a brilliant page in the world history of national liberation struggle.
When the Algerian patriots, encouraged by the victory of the Korean people in the Korean war, waged an armed struggle after forming the National Liberation Front in August 1954, he sent them food and other materials and set the day and the week of Algeria so as to express solidarity with them in their struggle.
When the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic was established in September 1958, he saw that the DPRK was the first country to acknowledge it and establish diplomatic relations with it.
He also gave energetic and disinterested support and aid to the peoples of Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Namibia in their struggle against colonialism and racism, the Latin American peoples’ struggle against the US imperialists and pro-US dictatorship, Arabians’ struggle against the US imperialists and Israeli Zionists, as well as the Cuban, Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian peoples’ struggle against the aggression of the US imperialists, thus greatly inspiring them to bring about historic victories.
The banner of independence upheld by President Kim Il Sung is a great power of strength and encouragement to the Korean people who are achieving eye-opening successes in the socialist construction with a firm stand of independence and also to the progressive peoples of the world who are struggling for the realization of global independence.

Pyongyang, June 27 (KCNA) -- The spokesman for the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of Korea issued an urgent statement on Thursday as follows:

    The south Korean puppet group recently committed such reckless act as fully opening to public the minutes of the 2007 north-south summit, stunning the world people.
By origin, the summit minutes are handled as top secret in any country and they have been strictly kept secret as "minutes of president" in south Korea, too.
    During the "presidential election" in 2012 the puppet conservative group raised the issue of opening to public the minutes, claiming that former president Roh Moo Hyun made remarks calling for giving up the "northern limit line" in the West Sea at the north-south summit in 2007, in a bid to turn the situation in the election favorable to the group, but failed to do so due to the strong rebuff of public opinion.
     As the present regime is shaking to its very foundation due to the disclosure of the "case of the Intelligence Service's interference in the election," the present conservative group fully opened to public all of a sudden the summit minutes, taking issue again with the remarks made by Roh Moo Hyun in a bid to calm down public uproar.
     Such rash action unprecedented not only in the history of the inter-Korean relations but in world history of diplomacy has driven south Korea into mayhem, and opposition parties, broad spectrum of people and media are strongly protesting it as "breach of state spirit unprecedented in history", "coup", "rebellion", "action above law", etc.
     As known to everybody, the 2007 north-south summit was a great event of national history which ushered in a new phase of the development of inter-Korean relations and national reunification together with the June 15 era.
     The summit discussed important issues of national reconciliation, unity, independent reunification, peace and prosperity in which the historic October 4 declaration was adopted.
 The October 4 declaration was unanimously hailed and supported by all Koreans and the whole world.
     What the present conservative group did clearly proves that it is a bandit of unheard-of depraved politicians and political gangsters who openly defile the historic October 4 declaration and abuse even the inter-Korean summit as a plaything for political strife. It also proves that south Korea's politics is a politics of most ignorant and childish philistines which can be seen only in a backward colonial country and reckless politics devoid of any common sense of politics and diplomacy and ethics of inter-Korean relations.
    As far as the issue of the "northern limit line" in the West Sea touted by the conservative group is concerned, it is a bogus line because even its architect American master recognized it as an illegal one. It is, therefore, preposterous to vociferate about its "defence" and "preservation.”
    Moreover, the October 4 declaration clarifies a reasonable way of peacefully settling the issue of the maritime demarcation line in the West Sea. Had it been sincerely implemented, it would not have posed any problem.
    When the unheard-of plot to grab power was brought to light due to the "case of the Intelligence Service's interference in the presidential election" and broad spectrum of people have become vocal protesting and denouncing it, the conservative group made such last-ditch efforts as opening to public the summit minutes in a bid to divert elsewhere public criticism, weather the crisis of the regime and eliminate the pro-reunification democratic forces by branding them as "forces following the north".
    Lurking behind this is a sinister intention to chill the desire of all fellow countrymen for inter-Korean dialogue and improved inter-Korean relations and kick off frantic rackets for confrontation with fellow countrymen in south Korea.
    How can thrice-cursed gangster-like group properly approach dialogue for achieving the reunification of the country, the unanimous desire of all the Koreans, and improving inter-Korean relations as the group is using even the north-south summit, which candidly discussed the issue of the nation's destiny and the issue of inter-Korean relations, as a plaything for a political strife.
    The conservative group's opening to public the summit minutes is the height of the treacherous acts for confrontation which can be committed only by the most despicable traitors who are unhesitatingly hurting the dignity and supreme interests of the nation to gratify their base political greed.
    The group is often talking about "confidence" but it has no face to talk about trust as it is unhesitatingly using even the minutes of the north-south summit as a political plaything to meet its partisan interests, though they should be handled as the most sacred.
    The group's unilateral opening to public the summit minutes without approval of the north is a mockery of the dignity of its supreme leadership and a grave provocation to the dialogue partner.
    The Lee Myung Bak group keen on confrontation with fellow countrymen dared not open to public the minutes of the summit.
    It is clear to everybody that the minutes could not be opened to public without the personal approval of the present chief of Chongwadae.
    Given that "the case of the Intelligence Service's interference in the presidential election" and the opening of the minutes are directly related to the present regime of south Korea, it is needless to say that Chongwadae was behind the action.
    In fact, if the issue of "following the north" should be called into question, none of the successive chief executives of south Korea who visited Pyongyang can be free.
    Even under the situation where the minutes of the summit are abused for sinister political purposes, who can believe in the sincerity of another summit and "summit diplomacy?"
    The army and people of the DPRK will never pardon the reckless action of the south Korean conservative forces.
    The opened minutes irrefutably proved that the controversial issues raised by the group are nothing but far-fetched assertions contrary to facts. Finally, it reminds one of the adage that one who digs a pit for another falls into it himself.
    One's evil doings will rebound on oneself.
    The south Korean puppet group will not be able to escape the most shameful end in face of all Koreans' condemnation and denunciation. -0-


The situation on the Korean peninsula, one of the hottest areas in the world, is on the brink of nuclear war. A reckless nuclear threat, nuclear intimidation by the US against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, a nuclear state, has thrusted the Korean peninsula to the threshold of nuclear war.

Showdown Between Justice and Injustice
The launch of a scientific satellite Kwangmyongsong 3-2 by the DPRK in December last year was an action fully consistent with the international law on the peaceful use of outer space. Even a specialized agency of the US, a country hostile to the DPRK, recognized officially the successful launch of the DPRK’s satellite.
However, the US instigated the UN Security Council to fabricate a new resolution on anti-DPRK sanctions in January this year, vilifying the DPRK’s peaceful satellite launch as a “test-fire of a long-range missile” and a “grave destructive act” against global peace and security. What cannot be overlooked is the fact that the DPRK has become the only country in the world, which is under “sanctions” in exchange for the launch of a satellite.
The DPRK could not tolerate the ruthless acts of the US and its followers who were impudent enough to illegalize the legitimate right of a sovereign state to launch a satellite. It, therefore, undertook the third underground nuclear test. The underground nuclear test was an open and aboveboard self-defensive countermeasure aimed at protecting its national sovereignty and peace on the Korean peninsula from the decades-long US vicious hostile policy and open nuclear threat. This must not be forgotten.
Nevertheless, the US instigated again the UNSC to fabricate another resolution on anti-DPRK sanctions. The resolution, aimed at restraining all the international activities by the DPRK, forbids the DPRK from conducting any financial transactions.
The excuse of the sanctions was the “prevention of nuclear proliferation” and “threat to peace and security.” That was lame excuse.
A US commentator said that even though the nuclear weapons possessed by Israel and some others were clear violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, they were unquestioned under the patronage of the US, adding that only the DPRK was under “sanctions.”
No other country in the world has suffered such a severest nuclear threat for the longest period as the DPRK has.
Then, where the nuclear threat comes from?
An English specialist in international issues wrote in an article, titled The US Rogue Politics and the Deceptive Act of the Western Media on the Korean Question, that the nuclear threat to the DPRK comes from only one place, the United States. He continued that the Western governments and their faithful media, however, grossly distort the truth and all the news items and reports conveyed to the public were concentrated upon denouncing the DPRK as a “provoker” and the ringleader of “nuclear threat” and making the US a peace-loving “state of justice.”
By the high-handedness and arbitrariness of this “state of justice,” the UNSC in charge of “global peace and security” lost fairness and senses and followed it blindly, thus creating the current crisis of nuclear war on the Korean peninsula.
Injustice can never become justice simply because a country is big and its military strength is superior. All the resolutions made by large countries are not necessarily justice. If a resolution of the UNSC loses fairness, it may become not only injustice but an international crime.
To take “sanctions” against the DPRK for its launch of peaceful satellite and the self-defensive nuclear test is the culmination of injustice, a heinous violation of sovereignty and dignity of a sovereign state and international law.
The countermeasures taken by the DPRK are fair and square, and are heroic acts for punishing injustice; they are worthy of receiving praise of the world.
Such a decisive showdown between justice and injustice is now being fought on the Korean peninsula.

As everybody knows, the US has moved the strategic centre for its world supremacy to the Asia-Pacific region, and designated the DPRK as the primary target of its attack.
For this, it has aggravated tensions on the Korean peninsula purposefully and, at the same time, staged continuously large-scale joint military exercises such as Key Resolve and Foal Eagle with south Korean puppet army by mobilizing huge armed forces. Besides, it has revealed its attempt of nuclear attack against the DPRK by committing nuclear submarine, nuclear-powered aircraft carriers and nuclear strategic bombers in the exercises.
It is an extremely dangerous play to ignite a nuclear war.
However, the US cannot achieve its objective.
There is a saying that a nation, which values justice and struggles to defend it, is sure to become powerful and such a nation is always righteous.
That is the way the Korean people are. They have never looked away from injustice and yielded to it. The righteous Korean people have consolidated to the maximum their military capability in order to safeguard justice.
The DPRK’s nuclear deterrent is a righteous defensive means which it could not but possess in the light of the increasing hostile policy and nuclear threat of the US against it. And it is a precious sword of justice for defending the sovereignty of the nation and peace.
The above-mentioned English specialist in international issues said that to look back upon the history cool-headedly and lucidly, the US, which is pursuing the policy of a rogue state, is the greatest menace to world peace, adding that the DPRK’s nuclear weapons are clearly the only means to control the acts of the US attacking other countries recklessly, and that the DPRK and its nuclear weapons are the guarantor and means of peace in East Asia, preventing the US’s reckless aggression. This is quite natural.
Now the service personnel and people of the DPRK have entered the anti-US showdown on the basis of its powerful nuclear deterrent. Their firm determination and will are to destroy completely the US, the source of evil in the world. They denounced that if war breaks out in Korea, they will show that injustice is momentary and dying fire, but justice is eternal and roaring fire.
The world people aspiring for justice and progress stand on the side of the Korean people who have risen up for the struggle against the US and its followers who are engrossed in high-handedness and arbitrariness and for the safeguarding of independence and justice.
Victory is in store for justice, for the Korean people who turned out in the struggle to safeguard their sovereignty.
Justice is sure to win. 

Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Pyongyang, June 21 (KCNA) -- Marshal Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, gave field guidance to the Kanggye General Tractor Plant.

He went round the revolutionary museum first. Watching for a long while the photos of the great Generalissimos Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il displayed in the lobby of the revolutionary museum, he said that they attached great importance to this plant as it plays an important role in developing the nation's machine-building industry.

He watched the words of the song of the plant displayed there. He asked the manager and the secretary of the party committee of the plant to sing the song. He praised them for singing the song well, his face beaming with a broad smile. It was a good song as it reflected the spirit of the workers of the plant, he added.

He recalled that Kim Jong Il regarded the plant as important and showed particular loving care for it in his lifetime. Kim Jong Un praised the plant for conducting effective education of its employees in the leadership exploits of the great men of Mt. Paektu after building the revolutionary museum well. Noting that it is a good center for education, he said it stands out in a sharp contrast to the plant he criticized while visiting it a few days ago.

He dropped in at the products show hall to see machines manufactured by the plant and learn about the development of new type products. He expressed satisfaction over the fact that the plant manufactured new modern machines of Korean style by its own efforts and with indigenous technology.

It is good to have the spirit of buckling down to the work full of confidence, not disappointed in any difficulties, he said, asking what is necessary for the modernization of the plant. He took benevolent measures.

He went round the processing and assembling shops to learn in detail about production there. At the processing shop, he praised the plant for keeping the production site neat and tidy. He was pleased to see varieties of machine parts being churned out from modern machines and presses standing in lines at the work sites.

After watching workers of the plant using a modern spinning machine presented to Kim Jong Il and Kim Jong Un as a gift, he appreciated the intense loyalty of its workers to the Party.

At the assembling shop he encouraged the workers and technicians devoting their wisdom and enthusiasm to the production of machines. Walking a compound of the plant, he praised its workers for keeping their work sites neat and tidy. He called for intensifying the work to spruce up the inside of the plant like a palace and its outside like a park.

He made the round of the swimming pool and gymnasium newly built by the plant. He praised officials of the plant and a relevant field for having made devoted efforts to provide its workers with ample conditions for cultural rest.
"I am very pleased to see the modern swimming pool and gymnasium," he said, adding that the longer one watches the plant, the more it looks attractive.

Going round the canteen in the compound and a bean processing factory, he learned about supply service. At the dining room he was very pleased to hear that the plant has detailed plans for daily service, monthly special service, service to couples of innovators, service to mothers and service on birthdays and service is given according to them.

Stressing once again that supply service means a battle for defending socialism, he urged the officials to pay primary attention to the work for improving the standards of material and cultural life of the workers.

"I am most pleased when I visit any plant which is successful in supply service," he added. He met with the labor innovators of the plant and had a photo session with them. He watched a grand chorus "Our Plant Shining with the Bloodline of Mt. Paektu" presented by workers of the plant. He congratulated them on their successful performance.

"I drew great strength while watching the performance. It helped me renew the resolution to more successfully make revolution with our reliable workers in the future," he noted.

He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song, Kang Kwan Il, Hwang Pyong So, Hong Yong Chil, Yun Tong Hyon, Pak Jong Chon and Kim Thaek Gu and Ryu Yong Sop, chief secretary of the Jagang Provincial Committee of the WPK.

    Pyongyang, June 22 (KCNA) -- Marshal Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, gave field guidance to the Kanggye General Precision Machine Plant.
    He went round the revolutionary museum of the plant.
    Watching records of the on-the-spot guidance given by the peerlessly great persons of Mt. Paektu, he looked back with deep emotion on the shining course of the development of the plant which was visited by President Kim Il Sung 19 times, by leader Kim Jong Il 17 times and by anti-Japanese war hero Kim Jong Suk twice.
    He learned about the performance of the machines produced by the plant before seeing daily necessities.
    At the material processing shop, he learned about the technical specifications and economic efficiency of equipment. He went round the CNC-based automation shop to learn about the modernization of the tools production.
    At the assembling and finishing shops he asked about the daily production of machines and underscored the need to provide the workers there with good environment of production.
    He set forth the tasks to be fulfilled by the plant.
    He called on the plant to carry out its monthly and quarterly plans without fail and make good preparations to attain a higher goal of production.
    He underlined the need to increase the production efficiency and improve and update equipment.
    He called for conducting a brisk drive to improve the quality of products.
    The plant should make sure that the workers and technicians get familiar with the trend of development and tendency of the world precision machine industry in good time, he noted.
    He told the officials of the plant to pay deep attention to the work for taking good care of the living of the employees.
    He had a photo session with the officials and employees of the plant.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song, Kang Kwan Il, Hwang Pyong So, Hong Yong Chil, Yun Tong Hyon, Pak Jong Chon, Kim Thaek Gu, Ryu Yong Sop, chief secretary of the Jagang Provincial Committee of the WPK, and Kim Chun Sop, secretary of the same. -0-

    Pyongyang, June 23 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, provided field guidance to the Jangjagang Machine Tool Plant.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song, Kang Kwan Il, Hwang Pyong So, Hong Yong Chil, Yun Tong Hyon, Pak Jong Chon and Kim Thaek Gu.
    He looked round the room dedicated to the revolutionary history of the plant.
    Looking at a photo of the great Generalissimos Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il displayed at the room, he recollected with deep emotion the day he visited the plant accompanying Kim Jong Il.
    Seeing the sample products of the plant, he learned in detail about their technical specifications and quality.
    He dropped in at the press shop to acquaint himself with material cutting.
    Then he looked round the automated shop.
    Watching the automated process made up of flexible manufacturing line operated by CNC-based machine tools and robots, unmanned material carrier, automated storehouse, etc., he was very pleased to see the production efficiency, quality of products and manufacturing environment which underwent remarkable improvement despite such complicated conditions as preparations for technology and production and alternation in product composition.
    He said with satisfaction that this shop is a model shop in which Kim Jong Il's idea of pushing back the frontiers of latest science and technology which calls for automating all production processes has been embodied and a precious legacy left by him.
    The construction of the automated shop at the plant helps boost production capacity incomparably with it in the past and improve the quality of machines, he said, adding it is profitable to let this plant produce in an intensive manner the same types of machines made in different plants.
    All sectors and units should positively realize automation in the future as required by the age of knowledge-based economy, he said, noting that to this end it is necessary for other units to feel the urgency of automation in practice as is the case with this plant and the Jangjagang Machine Tool Plant should be regarded as a standard for realizing automation.
    Factories and enterprises should regard it as a main line in technological updating to realize automation, he said, adding it is the consistent policy of the WPK to totally free the workers from manual work.
    He had a significant picture taken with officials at the production site of the automated shop honored with Kim Il Sung Prize.
    He gave precious instructions on waging a dynamic drive to update and scientize all production processes on a higher level on the basis of the experience and foundation whereby the plant has automated the machine processing shop. He took such benevolent step as settling the issue arising in sprucing up the plant.
    He had a photo session with the employees of the plant, expressing expectation that they would register great achievements in production and construction true to the behests of Kim Jong Il. -0-

    Pyongyang, June 23 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, enjoyed an art performance given by the Moranbong Band, together with workers of Jagang Province.
    Among the audience were Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song, Kang Kwan Il, Hwang Pyong So, Hong Yong Chil, Yun Tong Hyon, Pak Jong Chon, Kim Thaek Gu and Ryu Yong Sop, chief secretary of the Jagang Provincial Committee of the WPK.
    Prior to the performance, he had a photo session with the workers of the Kanggye General Tractor Plant.
    Put on the stage were colorful numbers including female chorus "Song of National Defence", light music "To a Decisive Battle", female solo and pangchang "For the Younger Generation", female duet and pangchang "What Is Life?", female chorus "Song of Artillerymen" and light music "At a Go".
    The performers sang high praises of the undying revolutionary feats Marshal Kim Jong Un has performed by leading the drive for building a thriving nation while making ceaseless on-the-spot guidance and the indomitable spirit of the service personnel and people of the DPRK demonstrating the might of the great Paektusan nation, united close around him.
    After the end of the performance, he made a historic speech before the workers in Jagang Province.
    "Going round different industrial establishments in Kanggye City this time, I could see the workers all out in the drive to devotedly embody the spirit of the 2013 Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea in hearty response to it", he said. He extended thanks to the workers of the Kanggye General Tractor Plant, the Kanggye General Precision Machine Plant and the Jangjagang Machine Tool Plant on behalf of the WPK Central Committee.
    He said that he drew great strength and hardened his resolution to more successfully make the revolution in the future together with the reliable workers, while visiting different plants associated with the undying leadership feats of President Kim Il Sung and leader Kim Jong Il.
    He noted that he attached great importance to different plants in Kanggye City, calling upon their workers to give steady continuity to the proud tradition in which they have devotedly defended the party and the leader with increased production.
    He advanced militant tasks facing the workers in Jagang Province, underlining the need to keep the production going at high rate at plants and dynamically push back the frontiers of latest science and technology and thus put the modernization and scientization of the production processes on a higher level, establish cultured practices in production and life as required by the Songun era and steadily push forward the work to improve supply service.
    He expressed expectation and belief that the workers in Jagang Province would successfully carry out their honorable tasks, hoping that only glory would be always in store for them. -0-

    Pyongyang, June 24 (KCNA) -- The History Society of the DPRK Monday released a memorandum disclosing the true colors of the U.S. imperialists as provoker of the Korean War with the approach of the 60th anniversary of the victory in the great Fatherland Liberation War.
    The U.S. is the chieftain of aggression as it sparked inter-Korean confrontation and fratricidal war in Korea, the memorandum said, and went on:
    After the Second World War it occupied south Korea, pursuant to its criminal policy for invading the whole of Korea and dominating the world. It divided the Korean nation into two parts, escalating confrontation between Koreans and imposing all sorts of misfortunes and sufferings upon them.
    Already more than a century ago the U.S. defined it as its state policy to invade Korea, gateway to the Asian Continent. In February 1845, the U.S. ruling quarters presented a "bill for forcing Korea to open" to its Congress and left no means untried to invade Korea.
    The U.S. embarked upon the road of invading Korea with the intrusion of its aggressor ship General Sherman in 1866 as an occasion, but it was repulsed by the struggle of people in Mangyongdae and soldiers and people of the Walled City of Pyongyang. Then followed ceaseless U.S. aggression: such as the intrusion of the warships Shenandoah and China in 1868 and the large-scale invasion in 1871 in a bid to conquer the Korean nation.
    From August 10 to 15 of 1945, the U.S. imperialists cooked up the 38th parallel under the pretext of "the line for sharing responsibility" for receiving the surrender of the Japanese Army. Their forces occupied south Korea under the mask of "liberator" from September 8 to the end of October.
    On Sept. 7, 1945, the U.S. imperialists declared U.S. military administration across south Korea through Proclamation No. 1 of the MacArthur Command. It unreasonably brought the issue of Korea to the UN and cooked up a "decision" on holding separated elections in south Korea and set up a pro-U.S. regime opposed to communism through suppression and fraud and swindle.
    After the emergence of the puppet regime in south Korea the U.S. imperialists frantically stepped up preparations for invading the DPRK.
    They built a puppet army to be used as a shock brigade for carrying out the war of aggression and rapidly beefed up its strength.
    They sent a 500-strong U.S. military advisory group, the biggest in the world at that time, to south Korea for the purpose of establishing a commanding system, forming units of the south Korean puppet army, etc. in the same way as done at the U.S. forces and making it undergo military trainings under the command of the group.
    The real aim sought by the U.S. imperialists in preparing the war of aggression was fully revealed by their process of working out and rounding off the war scenario.
    Their scenario had three phases.
    Its phase A was to launch the Korean War, its phase B was to escalate the war into China and its phase C was to intrude into Siberia. The U.S. envisaged 1949 as the year to start the operation.
    In order to verify the feasibility of the war scenario the U.S. imperialists drove the south Korean puppet army keen on "northern expedition" to armed provocations.
    Consequently, such battles reminiscent of a real war continued in areas along the 38th parallel even on the eve of the Korean War which broke out on June 25.
    The U.S. hatched a crafty and base plot to evade the responsibility for the provocation of the war against the DPRK.
    In October 1949, it cooked up at the 4th session of the UN General Assembly "the 3rd UN Commission on Korea" whose mission was to cover up the truth behind the outbreak of the Korean war and make profound confusing of right and wrong under the pretexts of monitoring and reporting "the military dispute in Korea".
    In the meantime, it had already worked out "basic documents" and "resolutions" to be presented to the meeting of the UN Security Council and the sessions of the UN General Assembly after the outbreak of the war.
    Dulles inspected positions of the south Korean puppet army along areas south of the 38th parallel after flying into Seoul in June 1950 and finally examined the war scenario, looking at operation maps and a model board showing the operational theaters.
    In the wake of his trip to Seoul the then defense secretary and the then chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff visited the MacArthur Command in Tokyo. Their Tokyo visits were aimed to decide on the issue of hurling U.S. units in the Far East into the battlefields of the Korean war whose outbreak was an established fact and examine the readiness to go into an action on the spot.
    The U.S. imperialists provoked that criminal war of aggression by hurling south Korean puppet units at 4 a.m. on June 25, 1950.
    MacArthur, who played a main role in igniting the Korean war, said that the war was his plan, admitting the provocation of the war.
    The U.S. should not forget its disgraceful history in which it was compelled to sign a document of surrender before the Korean people though it mobilized huge armed forces and latest military hardware for the war, warned the memorandum.

Battle to Liberate Taejon

The Korean war (1950-1953), during which the young Democratic People’s Republic of Korea smashed the myth of “mightiness” of the US, wrought a lot of military miracles. Among them is a battle to liberate Taejon, which draws the attention of military experts as a brilliant example of the modern encircling warfare.
Having been driven southward by the strong counteroffensive of the Korean People’s Army soon after they started the Korean war on June 25, 1950, the US and its south Korean puppet army proclaimed Taejon their “temporary capital” and built strong defence positions to make it the “line of no retreat,” in a bid to check the offensive of the KPA ultimately.
The US moved its 24th Infantry Division and the remaining south Korean troops to Taejon. Besides, it brought in reinforcements of two divisions to provide a good opportunity for the defence of Taejon and switchover from retreat to offensive. Its troops, weaponry and combat and technical equipment were concentrating at Taejon.
The world media gave broad coverage of the forthcoming battle at Taejon. The Western media bragged that the major force of the US 8th Army would finish their deployment soon, signalling the end of the first stage of the war, and at the same time there would be no more chances for the KPA to win a victory.
At this critical moment the KPA encountered an unexpected obstacle in implementing its operations to seize Taejon.
The combined units in the main prong were advancing towards Taejon as planned but the one expected to encircle Taejon to the southeast failed to speed up its offensive, blocked in Chongju by the persistent resistance of the numerically superior enemy.
Success or failure in the encircling operations depended on how fast and thoroughly they would encircle the enemy. Something should be done against this grave situation, otherwise, the area southeast of Taejon would be kept open, leading to the failure of encirclement. Then the US 1st Cavalry Division and the 25th Infantry Division would join those in Taejon.
The success of the operations depended on who would save more time.
Both sides strived to save time from the position of attack and defence respectively. The focus of operations officers from both sides was Chongju. The US tried to block the advance of the KPA in this area and the KPA to break through it.
At this juncture Kim Il Sung visited the Front Headquarters, where he held council of war to correct mistakes and push the operations as planned. He advised that they should not simply focus on Chongju, and put forth a new plan to encircle the city by ordering the units that advanced to Ronsan, southwest of Taejon, to make a detour to the southeastern area.
This was a realistic and original plan suited to the geographical conditions of the country, largely mountainous and with few broad roads.
To turn back the pages of the world history of war, encircling operations by combined units were carried out by joining those at the front and the flanks in a certain depth or by joining those in and out. However, they required broad roads and a huge attacking force. Such tactics did not fit the specific conditions of Korea. Worse still, the enemy was superior both numerically and technically.
The new plan was original; by detouring Taejon along mountains to the flank and rear of the enemy with light weaponry and secretly encircling the area the KPA soldiers could block the enemy’s retreat, free from the limitations of the routes, manpower and military hardware; by attacking the enemy in the flank and rear they could smash them easily and quickly.
According to this plan the combined unit which advanced to the area of Ronsan marched 40 kilometres a night by mountainous road, each man carrying 20-30 kg of arms, and cut off the enemy’s retreat. Still, the enemy was not aware of this.
Finally, Kim Il Sung ordered the general offensive to Taejon at 5 am on July 20, 1950.
The US and the south Korean army units were caught in a trap. Dean, commander of the US 24th Division, was captured by a KPA soldier while escaping in a soldier’s uniform.
The battle costed 24 228 enemy soldiers killed or wounded, 1 000 vehicles, some 150 guns, 49 tanks and 20 000 small arms destructed or captured. The US 24th Infantry Division and the south Korean puppet army in defence of Taejon were completely defeated.
Referring to the operations, the US military said: The KPA employed the tactics of attacking the defence unit from the front to make its retreat inevitable, and on the other hand checking its retreat by detouring and infiltrating into its rear. It was the kind that the US officers could not grasp before it was too late.

Saturday, June 22, 2013

Kim Jong Un Guides Flight Drills of Unit 1017 of KPA Air and Anti-Air Force
    Pyongyang, June 18 (KCNA) -- Marshal Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army (KPA), together with Ri Sol Ju visited Unit 1017 of KPA Air and Anti-Air Force honored with the Title of O Jung Hup-led 7th Regiment to guide flight drills.
    Kim Jong Un mounted the command post, received a report on the flight drill program and guided the drills.
    Watching successful diverse actions of airmen including take-off and landing and air combat, he said they were very good in training. He praised them for having acquired high flying skills as intended by the party.
    He expressed great satisfaction, noting that the airmen of the unit are fully ready to make sorties any moment.
    "I always think of the air routes covered by the pilots to reliably defend the sky of the country", he said, asking commanding officers to convey his feelings to them.
    He gave an instruction to further intensify the flight training in the future to fully prepare the pilots as death-defying corps and able combat pilots capable of skillfully fighting a modern war.
    He went round the newly built place for combat duty and the airshed visited by leader Kim Jong Il.
    Going round the monument to the field guidance provided by Kim Jong Il standing at the command of the unit, he instructed the unit to preserve well the photos of Kim Jong Il and take good care of the monument so as to let airmen and other service personnel always bear his undying feats deep in mind.
    He stressed the need for the pilots of the unit to make good preparations for the military parade for celebrating the 60th anniversary of the victory in the war.
    He expressed great expectation and conviction that the service personnel of the unit would put bigger spurs to rounding off the combat preparations and thus defend the sky of the socialist country as firm as an iron wall.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Yun Tong Hyon and Hong Yong Chil. -0-

Kim Jong Un Gives Field Guidance to January 18 General Machinery Plant
    Pyongyang, June 18 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, provided field guidance to the January 18 General Machinery Plant.
    He went round the room devoted to the education in the revolutionary history.
    Looking with keen attention at significant historic data and relics, he said that President Kim Il Sung and leader Kim Jong Il attached great importance to the plant as it plays an important role in the development of the nation's machine-building industry. He added that he always pays great attention to the production at the plant.
    After being told that the construction of the above-said room was not completed even in over two years, he said he learned about what was the main reason for the plant's failure to put production on a normal footing.
    The party has stressed that it is important to keep the ideological education ahead of production for raising the enthusiasm of the producer masses, he noted, strongly criticizing the party committee of the plant for failing to accept the party's policy ideologically.
    "I can’t understand what officials of the provincial party committee see at the plant and what they are guiding," he noted, warning them of their businessmen-like hackneyed way of thinking and work style.
    At the construction site of the room for the education in the revolutionary history he watched for a while piles of gravels, sand and blocks here and there. "I can't find proper words to express that mess," he added.
    After going round the Hall for Studying Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism, he noted that the provincial party committee should draw a serious lesson as regards the implementation of the party's policy on giving priority to the political and ideological education.
    Examining varieties of machines produced by the plant, he learned about the fulfillment of its plan.
    He went round the general assembling shop, processing shop, test shop, casting shop and various other places of the plant to learn about its technological updating.
    He seriously noted that production equipment of the plant are outdated in view of the requirements of the age of the knowledge-based economy and the plant is behind other industrial establishments in cultured practices in production and life.
    Learning in detail about the supply service, he felt heart-broken when he learned officials of the plant failed to take good care of the living of the employees as desired by the party.
    Setting forth tasks for the plant, he said:
    "The plant should glorify the leadership exploits of the great Generalissimos Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il.
    "It should dynamically conduct the ideological education to give fullest play to the mental power of the workers.
    "It should steadily push forward the work for putting the production processes on a modern and scientific basis.
    "The plant should launch a dynamic campaign to improve the supply service, working people's material and cultural standards and establish cultured practices in production and life.
    "The plant is faced with difficult and huge tasks, but it can surely implement them as it has revolutionary workers, the technical staff trained in practice, a wealth of experience and proud tradition."
    He expressed great expectation and belief that the workers of the plant would radically remodel it as required by the new century and bring about a great leap forward in the production of modern machines and successfully perform the role as vanguard and shock brigade in carrying out the economic policy of the party.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Hong Yong Chil, Yun Tong Hyon and Han Song Ho. -0-

Kim Jong Un Gives Field Guidance to Namhung Youth Chemical Complex
    Pyongyang, June 19 (KCNA) -- Marshal Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, provided field guidance to the Namhung Youth Chemical Complex.
    First he went round the newly built production process of functional threefold greenhouse plastic sheet at the high pressure polyethylene shop.
    After being briefed on it before a map showing production processes, he went round the said process.
    He expressed great satisfaction over the fact that the workers of the complex have built a modern production process capable of mass-producing plastic sheet 0.06-0.12mm in thickness and 8-12m in width.
    He underscored the need not only to accumulate a wealth of experience but operate equipment in a responsible manner as the complex is the first to produce such sheet and, at the same time, steadily raise the workers' technical skills to keep production going at a high rate and improve the quality of the sheet.
    Then he moved to the fertilizer forwarding shop to learn about the fertilizer production.
    Watching fertilizers piled up highly at the shop, he said they look like heaps of rice bags. The complex providing fertilizers to agriculture is like an arsenal for the socialist agricultural front, he noted.
    Seeing the process in which fertilizers produced by coal gasification are put into plastic bags, he was very pleased, saying independence and Juche character have been fully established at the complex as fertilizers are produced by full use of anthracite abundant in the country.
    After learning about issues arising in increasing fertilizer production, he personally settled knotty problems.
    He made the rounds of the animal shed and the Chongchun Health Complex to learn in detail about supply service and the cultural and emotional life of the workers.
    At the animal shed, he praised the complex for greatly contributing to improving the diet of the workers by raising domestic animals in a big way.
    He highly praised Jon Kyong Son, chief secretary of the complex party committee, for his successful supply service to the employees before having a photo taken with him.
    At the Chongchun Health Complex, he was pleased that the complex provides the workers with ample conditions for cultural rest.
    He set forth important tasks to be fulfilled by the complex.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song and Kim Yong Nam, secretary of the South Phyongan Provincial Committee of the WPK. -0-

Kim Jong Un Visits Vegetable Greenhouses
    Pyongyang, June 19 (KCNA) -- Marshal Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, visited vegetable greenhouses of the Songhak Co-op Farm in Anju City, South Phyongan Province.
    He went round several greenhouses to learn about their construction and production there.
    He asked what kinds of vegetables they cultivate at present, how they ensure heating in winter, how they ventilate in summer and what quantities of vegetables they produce in a year.
    It is gratifying that the Songhak Co-op Farm built the vegetable greenhouses with large production capacity by itself, produces various kinds of vegetables and supplies them to the farmers, he said.
    He said he was pleased to learn that the farm built greenhouses by using locally available materials to suit the actual conditions of rural areas. He called on the farm to operate the greenhouses well so that its members may substantially benefit from them.
    He said that to build vegetable greenhouses in various places and effectively operate them is very important for overcoming seasonal limitation in vegetable production and providing the people with fresh vegetables all the year round.
    He stressed the need for a national institution to provide a standardized design for greenhouses to be built in provinces, cities and counties, organize contests among them and take measures for summing them up.
    It is necessary to boost the per-area yield of vegetables at greenhouses, he noted, underlining the need to build greenhouses to suit the local climatic and topographical conditions and put the production on a scientific and technological basis.
    He said that there should be good conditions including temperature, humidity, light and soil suitable for vegetables in greenhouse cultivation and a high yield can be expected when vegetables are distributed in greenhouses to suit the biological characteristics.
    He stressed the need for the Pyongyang Vegetable Science Research Institute to work out a scientific and technological guidebook to distribute it to all greenhouses and called on them to put vegetable cultivation on a scientific basis.
    If a greenhouse is to cultivate several kinds of vegetables a year, it is necessary to sufficiently apply chemical fertilizers along with organic compost, he said, underlining the need to establish a state system for supplying agricultural chemicals, fertilizers and seeds to the greenhouses.
    There will be no problem in the construction of vegetable greenhouses if vinyl sheet is mass-produced at the Namhung Youth Chemical Complex, he added.
    He expressed expectation and conviction that all fields and units would deeply understand the significance and importance of building vegetable greenhouses and make a positive contribution to successfully carrying out the WPK's policy on ensuring abundant diet of the people.
    He was accompanied by Choe Ryong Hae, Pak Thae Song and Kim Yong Nam, secretary of the South Phyongan Provincial Committee of the WPK. -0-

Ministry of People's Security Vows to Punish Defectors Keen on Escalating Confrontation
    Pyongyang, June 19 (KCNA) -- The Ministry of People's Security of the DPRK issued the following special statement Wednesday:
    The DPRK, a country dignified with independence and powerful with Songun, is enjoying the greatest dignity with a bright prospect of socialism of Juche.
    The world is looking enviously at the army and people of the DPRK dashing ahead toward the final victory in sight on the horizon at the "Masikryong Speed". Meanwhile, the moves to isolate and stifle the DPRK on the part of the dishonest and hostile forces have faced bankruptcy.
    A handful of human scum are moving desperately to deter this progress.
    Park Geun Hye and other present puppet authorities of south Korea are openly putting to the fore human scum belonging to the organizations of vicious defectors from the north, painting them as "experts in north Korean issue" and instigating stepped-up criticism.
    On June 18, south Korea fed Yonhap News and The Washington Post with articles contributed by defectors saying that copies of book "My Struggle" authored by Hitler were presented to officials in the DPRK as gifts and campaign is now under way to learn from the experiences gained in rebuilding the "Third Empire" that existed in Germany after the First World War.
    They even committed the thrice-cursed crime of belittling the matchless great personality of the leader of the DPRK reflected in his loving care for the future generations.
    The army and people of the DPRK regard it as shame to make mention of defectors from the north, a group of wild dogs in human form.
    The group of human scum marginalized in the bright world has become the main player in the confrontation farce under the patronage of the south Korean puppet group and brigandish U.S. imperialists. They even slandered and insulted the dignity and the social system of the DPRK, an act which can neither be overlooked nor tolerated.
    By origin, defectors are human scum who were deserted even by home folks and kinsmen being branded as elements subject to legal punishment in clean society in the DPRK for their crimes of murder, robbery, pilferage, embezzlement of state properties and corruption.
    South Koreans also know this.
    But the south Korean authorities try to escalate confrontation with the DPRK by using them and the U.S. seeks to overthrow the social system in the DPRK in reliance on them. This proves the poor plight of the Park Geun Hye regime and the U.S. politics.
    It is none other than the present puppet authorities of south Korea which seek to fan up confrontation wind despite their loud-mouthed ballad for "confidence" and "dialogue". And it is the U.S. which moves overtly and covertly to topple the social system in the DPRK despite its stereo-typed call for peace and security on the Korean Peninsula.
    No matter how desperately the puppet group of south Korea may try being gripped in extreme uneasiness and horror, they can never prolong their dirty remaining days. The U.S., which tries to attain its aggression aim in reliance on the group, is bound to face bankruptcy in its hostile policy toward the DPRK.
    The National Defence Commission of the DPRK on June 16 warned that all the future developments depend on the U.S. responsible option.
    The army and people of the DPRK are strongly calling for punishing those human scum as early as possible as they are going hysteric as servants escalating confrontation with fellow countrymen, far from trying to redress their crime-woven past with death.
    There are daily requests from home folks and kinsmen of those defectors for letting them kill human scum with their own hands.
    The Ministry of People's Security of the DPRK, reflecting the grudge of all its service personnel and people, is determined to take substantial measures to physically remove despicable human scum who are committing treasons at the instigation of the south Korean puppet authorities and the gangster-like U.S.
    Sordid human scum will never be able to look up to the sky nor be able to find an inch of land to be buried after their death.
    The U.S. and the south Korean authorities and wicked conservative media resorting to smear campaign against the DPRK in reliance on them will be made to meet merciless punishment of justice. 

Echo of June 15

An eye-opening event took place in Pyongyang, the capital city of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in June 2000. The inter-Korean summit talks were held after 55 years of Korea’s division into the north and the south, and the historic June 15 North-South Joint Declaration was adopted on settling the reunification issue of the country independently and peacefully.
As soon as it was made public, the joint declaration was warmly welcomed, evoking sympathy of broad sections of international community as well as the entire Korean people. It brought about a dramatic change in accomplishing the cause of reunification of the Korean nation and ushered in a new era beyond imagination in the past on the Korean peninsula.
Dialogues and negotiations were held between the north and the south of Korea in the political, economic, cultural, military and other fields, producing good results in achieving reconciliation and unity, cooperation and exchange. The functions for Korea’s reunification, which had been organized separately in the north and the south, took place in Pyongyang, Seoul, Mt. Kumgang and other places as grand festivals of reunification, participated in by the delegates from the north, south and abroad, amid great expectations and interest of the whole Korean nation. Demonstrations of Taekwon-Do, the martial arts of the Korean nation, games of athletes from the north and the south, joint performances of artistes from the both sides, joint material exhibitions and seminars of historians, joint photo exhibitions and the like took place in Pyongyang and Seoul. The scene of the joint entry of the sportspersons from the north and the south with the flag bearing the map of Korea at the opening ceremony in the Sydney Olympics in September 2000 touched many people in the world. Such scenes showing the will of the Korean nation to reunify their country could be also witnessed in the 14th Asian Games in September 2002, the Athens Olympics in August 2004 and the 15th Asian Games in December 2006.
Air, land and sea routes which had been blocked for over half a century were relinked and separated families and relatives in the north and the south had meetings of emotional reunion. Many south Korean people visited Pyongyang to enjoy the mass gymnastics and artistic performance Arirang that is recorded in the Guinness World Records as the greatest in scale in the world, and went sightseeing tours to Mts. Paektu, Kumgang and Myohyang and other scenic spots in the north.
Humanitarian activities between the north and the south were promoted on an extensive scale, and an industrial park jointly run by the north and the south was established in Kaesong along the Military Demarcation Line dividing Korea, inviting over one hundred south Korean enterprises into the area for joint prosperity.
In 2007, the October 4 Declaration, the action programme of the June 15 Joint Declaration, was adopted, thus opening up a brighter prospect for the reunification movement of the Korean nation.
Remarkable changes in the north-south relations were brilliant fruition of the June 15 Joint Declaration in which both north and south Korea promised to achieve the country’s reunification and common prosperity of the nation by the concerted efforts of the Korean nation. The Korean people, therefore, called the era of such a marvellous reality, which had been unimaginable in the past, the “June 15 reunification era.”
However, the June 15 reunification era faced the serious challenge after Lee Myung Bak took power in south Korea.
The Lee Myung Bak group denied in an all-round way the June 15 Joint Declaration and the October 4 Declaration as soon as it took office, hindering in every way the promotion of the north-south cooperation, the precious fruit of the June 15 reunification era, and committing ceaselessly military provocations to drive the north-south relations into confrontation. Almost all the exchanges and cooperation between the both sides were cut off, and tourism on Mt. Kumgang, a symbol of the travel between the north and the south, was fully interrupted. The situation on the Korean peninsula was strained to breaking point when a war might start owing to the persistent pursuit of dependence on outside forces and showdown with the fellow countrymen by the Lee Myung Bak clan.
The acute north-south relations faced a more serious crisis by the present Park Geun Hye regime. The new regime, chiming in with the United States that accused the north of its peaceful satellite launch, was in front in the racket of international “sanctions” against the north, thus cutting off completely the work of cooperation of inter-Korean non-governmental organizations, which had been scarcely sustained. It slandered the dignity of north Korea, depicting the Kaesong Industrial Park which was a priceless fruition of June 15 Joint Declaration and was maintained even in grave situation, as the “source of money.” It even planned to make the peaceful industrial zone the hotbed of a war by committing a US commando into the area, for an alleged hostage rescue operation. These moves further drove the KIP to the brink of complete closure.
All the facts prove clearly that when the June 15 Joint Declaration is supported and put into practice the north and the south of Korea can advance towards peace and reunification, whereas the denial and frustration of the declaration will incur only confrontation and war. Everybody has acquired a palpable truth that the positive attitude towards the June 15 Joint Declaration is just reunification and the negative one a war.
The vital power of the June 15 Joint Declaration is eternal.
Now the Korean people are waging a nationwide struggle to hold fast to the June 15 Joint Declaration and bring about again the era of peace, reunification and prosperity. The south Korean people demand the observation of the joint declaration and its thorough implementation, condemning the south Korean rulers who drove the north-south relations into catastrophe.
The international community sincerely hope that the Korean people will achieve the reunification of their nation at an early date under the banner of the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration and consolidate peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.

Why Did the US Start the Korean War?

The United States started the Korean war on June 25, 1950, 60 years ago, by instigating the south Korean army to launch an all-out armed invasion against north Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea). The Korean war (June 1950-July 1953) was the fiercest after the end of World War II.
Why, then, did the US start the Korean war?
First, it started the war to realize its strategy for world supremacy.
In view of the geopolitical position of the Korean peninsula as a point of military importance in its advancing into the Asian continent, it availed itself of the end of WW II to set foot in south Korea in the guise of “liberator” in September 1945. While completely subordinating south Korea politically, economically and militarily by rigging up a pro-US regime, it revealed the plan to attack north Korea, saying that the scope of its occupation should be expanded into the whole of Korea. MacArthur, commander of the US forces in the Far East, said that he always recognized Korea as a military outpost of unlimited value. On the US part, the Korean peninsula was not only a point of strategic importance from which to deal military strikes to any region in the Far East, but “a bridge leading to the continent” and a “dagger” with which to cut off Asia, a “morsel.”
After WW II, the US regarded Korea as a front where capitalism confronts socialism and an important politico-military battlesite between the East and the West. In 1946 US President Truman defined Korea as an “ideological battleground” upon which all the successes of the US in Asia might depend. And he demanded that US troops be stationed in south Korea for long time enough to carry out their task and adequate personnel and funds be secured.
Having mapped out in this way a Korea policy with the main emphasis on dominating the whole of Korea the US applied political and diplomatic methods to implement this policy, and then opted for military invasion, i.e. war.
Second, the outbreak of the Korean war was related with the catastrophic economic crisis the US was faced with.
After World War II, a peaceful atmosphere prevailed in the US for a certain period; this resulted in low arms sales in the munitions industry, increasing unemployment and a vicious cycle of the economy as a whole.
The economic crisis that started in the autumn of 1948 grew worse in 1949: the industrial output decreased by 15 % as compared with the previous year; prices slumped; investments in the manufacture of machines and equipment decreased sharply; and some 4 600 companies went bankrupt in the first half of the year. As a result, the unemployed increased to 6 million, and 13 million people were expected to be fired in 1950. The profits of the monopolies, which amounted to 36.6 billion dollars in September 1948, dropped to 28.4 billion dollars in March 1949. The monopolies asked the government for a new, big needle for injecting a new life to the economy.
This request drove the US to the militarization of the economy and the expansion of armaments and this spilled over to the outbreak of the Korean war. The British magazine Economist commented that the US needed an occasion for overcoming the crisis and could not but fabricate a war.
Third, the Korean war was related with the crisis the Syngman Rhee regime in south Korea faced.
The crisis of the Syngman Rhee regime cobbled together by the US was characterized by the economic catastrophy, anti-government struggle of the people, surging spirit of peaceful reunification and the ruling machinery on the verge of ruin.
The political and economic crisis which surfaced in 1949, reached extreme in May 1950.
Owing to the US colonial enslavement policy and war preparations for 5 years, the number of enterprises was reduced by 36 % in the first half of 1949 as against that in 1939. The rural economy was also destroyed; the crop yield showed a drop of 5 million sok of grain as compared with that of the days before the liberation of the country. And owing to the inflations and skyrocketing prices, the people’s living further deteriorated.
Meanwhile, with the spirit of the people for an independent and peaceful reunification of the country mounting high, anti-Syngman Rhee forces appeared in the “National Assembly,” including the group that demanded south-north negotiations, and some right-wingers joined hands with them. The Syngman Rhee regime was as perilous as a light exposed to wind.
American book, An Untold History of Modern Korea, said as follows:
It would be most reasonable to figure that war was the last resort of crazy Syngman Rhee. As the last game the Syngman Rhee government drove the country into a civil war, unable to keep itself steady in the face of economic destruction, domestic unrest, harassment by the hostile National Assembly since his defeat in May (out of the 210 seats he barely managed to get 48 in the election to the National Assembly held on May 10, 1950) and then the people’s leanings towards the peace statement of the north.
It is an obvious historical fact that the US attempted through the Korean war to secure a point of strategic importance for realizing its world supremacy and saved itself and its stooge.